The study was designed determined investigate the effectiveness of 3 Instructional methods on students’ Academic Achievement in Basic Technology in Lagos State. A guest experimental was used for the study using random sampling technique. One hundred and seventy-four (174) Basic eight (JSS II) basic technology students was used compering 86 marks and 88 females. The instrument for Data collection are pre-test (Pre BTAT) and post-test (Post BTAT). One (1) research question and one (1) hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of Signiant guided the study. The raw ability of the Basic Technology Achievement Test (BTAT) instrument using Knitter Richardson formula (KR-20) Yielded r=0.64 Data generated were analysed using mean and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The finishing shows that simulation activity and community of inquiry have significant effect in the achievement of students. The findings show that there is significant effect on the academic achievement with in basic technology with students taught using Simulation Activities (SA) and Community of Inquiry (COI) and those taught using Conventional Teaching Method (CTM). But the overall finding, revealed that SA is a viable alternative to COI and CTM of instruction basic technology.
Air transport is one of the keys to the economic development and stability of a country. The emergence of this sector in a State depends on the radio resources implemented to ensure the safe and rapid flow of air traffic, but above all to guarantee the safety and efficiency of air navigation. It is with this in mind that the International Civil Aviation Organization «ICAO» recommends that all State bodies responsible for providing air services within the airspace of Contracting States meet the requirements of the Management of the Air Space «ATM» and the Communication, Navigation and Surveillance system in a structured approach to the effective implementation of the system called CNS/ATM. It is in this context that we subscribe to our study which aims to contribute to the process of implementation of the CNS/ATM plan by the Régie des Voies Aériennes in the airspace of the Democratic Republic of Congo. It emerges from this ICAO recommendation that our country continues to show some shortcomings, particularly in the area of full surveillance of its airspace. Thus, we are working on experimenting with radar systems for full, reliable and optimal surveillance of the country’s airspace. We have associated the current ADS-B surveillance system with other surveillance systems, primary radar «PSR» and secondary radar «SSR» to cover all regions of the airspace, and thanks to the multi-sensor function of the TOPSKY airspace surveillance, security and visualization system all surveillance data from these different systems will be merged.
This study was conducted within the Independent National Electoral Commission, which is an organization responsible for organizing elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Given the reactions of the population and opponents observed in 2006, 2011 and 2018 during the referendum and the elections which amounted to electoral fraud. Thus, to allow this organization to be able to properly articulate its services and provide them in a short time, we have seen fit to develop a remote electronic voting system (n-tier client-server) which, voters having in their cards an identification chip, will begin to elect their candidates by choice through a client computer in each branch of the CENI (National Independent Electoral Commission) sitting in each polling station (BVD) and the general result will be displayed in the main server based in Kinshasa at the National Processing Center (CNT) in less time thanks to the Internet network through a secure SSL (Secure Socket Layer) connection to avoid piracy of the results.
The issue of women’s empowerment is always at the heart of debates in national and international bodies. In developing countries, particularly in Côte d’Ivoire, poverty is more pronounced among women. Dimbokro, a town located in the centre of Côte d’Ivoire with an estimated population of 70,198 inhabitants, of which 34,808 are women, i.e. 49.58% of the population (INS, 2014), is not spared. In order to escape from poverty, women engage in certain economic activities that can lead to the development of the city. This study aims at a better knowledge of the contribution of women in the socio-economic development of the city of Dimbokro. The methodology used to conduct the study included documentary research, field observations, interviews and a census of economic activities carried out by women in the town of Dimbokro. The results show the existence of a diversity of economic activities carried out by women in the town of Dimbokro. Secondly, the representation of women in the socio-economic development of the town of Dimbokro is dominated by the tertiary sector with 80% of the female population against 15% for the primary sector and 5% for the secondary. Finally, in the exercise of their economic activities, women are confronted with certain obstacles, in particular the difficult access to credit and the high cost of the shop rents they occupy, which hinder their efforts. The State should work towards a better social integration of women in the socio-economic development of the country.
Malaria remains a public health concern in Côte d’Ivoire. The fight against transmission of this disease requires a good knowledge of the vector as well as their level of susceptibility to insecticides most commonly used in public health, in order to better select tools and guide vector control strategies. An entomological survey was conducted in Grand-Bassam from January 2015 to december 2015. Adult resting mosquitoes were collected using pyrethrum spraying catches methods. Susceptibility tests were performed with three pyrethroids (alphacypermethrin, deltamethrin, permethrin) and an organophosphate (chlorpyrifos-methyl) according to the standard WHO test cylinder method, on 2-to-4-days old female Anopheles gambiae s.l. emerged from larvae collected in breeding sites and reared in the insectary. Complex members, insecticide resistance genes and An. gambiae s.l. infection with Plasmodium were analyzed, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. Four genera of culicidae (Aedes, Anopheles, Culex and Mansonia) divided into nine species were collected. Anopheles gambiae s.l. was the most abundant species (69.3%) with the highest size recorded in June (n=116). The parity rate of captured females An. gambiae was very high (94.1%). Susceptibility tests showed that An. gambiae s.l. were resistant to all insecticides tested. The PCR results demonstrated that An. coluzzii was the only species of An. gambiae s.l. found in the study area. The resistance mechanisms involved the Kdr-w and Ace-1 mutations, which were expressed at allelic frequencies of 0.54 and 0.29, respectively in the population. Plasmodium falciparum was the only malaria parasite found with an infestation rate of 4.3%. These outcomes are important for planning the national malaria vector control programs.
The growing importance of Information systems in optimizing the operations of organizations has led to a need for evaluating the performance of Information Systems. Consequently, there is an increasing demand for better performance from Information System resources in many organizations, including in the hotel industry. The focus of this study is on investigating the impact of information system evaluation on the performance of hotels in Morocco. The Delone and McLean model provides a robust framework for addressing our research question. Our analysis centers on how companies utilize technology and the performance of their systems. Our findings demonstrate that implementing a high-quality information system and service can enhance the performance of a company, as well as its relationship with the overall environment, by improving the productivity of users. As a result, users demonstrate an intention to use these systems and express satisfaction with their use of these solutions.
The Democratic Republic of Congo has been a high contracting party to the OHADA treaty since 2012, in the name of supra-legality, the issue relating to the seizure of employees’ remuneration is gouverned by the uniform act on the organization of simplified procedures for the recovery of debts and means of execution which, it should be emphasized, leaves a small room for maneuver to domestic law. This is the precision on the so-called seizable portion.
Readers will remember that the unseizability of employees’remuneration is a principe, which principle is accompanied by a derogation. Definition of the proportions likely to be seized on the grounds of the food character of which the remuneration of an employee dreams.
It should be emphasized that, to achieve this, the plaintiff will have to meet a few conditions, in particular to provide himself with a constant enforceable title, a liquid and payable debt, obtain beforehand from the competent court a conciliation procedure without which his request can not be received... It is only in the event of failure of the said conciliation that the seizure could be authorized by the emergency judge. Hammer that certain responsibilities can be engaged in the event of obstruction in particular that of the employer and/ or the banker considered as garnishee.
Antinuclear antibodies are autoantibodies directed against cellular autoantigens. They are detected by indirect immunofluorescence technique. In case of positivity, the antigenic target must be identified. In this work we report the case of antinuclear antibody positivity without defined antigenic target. The patient was 56 years old and came to the department of internal medicine because of a worsening of her late-onset asthma, which had been followed for 3 years, with the appearance of myalgias, arthralgias, photosensitivity and dry eyes, which led to the suspicion of an autoimmune disease. Biological examinations showed an elevation of CRP and sedimentation rate, normal blood count, normal hemostasis, renal and hepatic tests were also without particularities. Immunological tests for rheumatoid factor and anti-CCP antibodies were negative. The anti-nuclear antibody test was positive on two occasions at 640 and 1280 with a homogeneous appearance. However, the complementary workup to identify antinuclear antibodies was negative: anti-native Dna antibodies, anti-soluble antigen antibodies and myositis profile. Finally, the search for anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies was positive for p- ANCA with a value greater than 1280. The diagnosis of Churg-Strauss type ANCA vasculitis was retained in our patient in view of the clinical symptoms presented and the positive immunological assessment for p-ANCA.
Do the social sciences and humanities have a future in higher education when we know that the orientation of current societies requires universities to move towards training that fits the job market, less and less demanding of specialists in these sciences? This is the concern that is at the heart of this article. Starting from the hypothesis that the solution to the question of employment in African societies requires the restructuring of training offers, not in the sense of abolishing the social and human sciences, but rather reorienting them in the direction of the dynamics of societies, we have organized our argument in three parts. The first part establishes the observation of the employment crisis in relation to training g. The second part analyses restructuring efforts in universities and the third part identifies a number of avenues that should underpin the resilience of the social sciences and humanities in African societies.
Introduction: The search for quality must be the essential and constant preoccupation of the laboratory staff who must organise themselves to evaluate not only the reliability of the results, but also the satisfaction of the clients. The satisfaction survey is one of the main tools for this type of evaluation, as recommended by the quality standards.
Objectives: To measure the level of satisfaction of its customers and to define areas for improvement.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive survey conducted among 200 patients admitted to the laboratory and 60 prescribing physicians of the clinical services of the Ibn Rochd University Hospital, over a period of 3 months. Similarly, interviews were conducted with the Pathologists to determine their expectations of the clinical services.
Results: The satisfaction score for reception was 67% and for communication 65.8%. The satisfaction score for the response time for results was 34%. And the overall patient satisfaction score was 66%.
The results for prescribers show that the satisfaction score for the clarity of the test form was 62%, and for the test panel was 75%. The score for the delay in responding to results was 54%. The overall satisfaction score for doctors was 67%.
The correlation between the dimensions of patient satisfaction and their personal characteristics revealed a non-significant relationship.
As for the interviews, they revealed that collaboration between prescribers and pathologists is necessary to meet the expectations of both and to guarantee an accurate, rapid and complete diagnosis.
Conclusion: Measuring satisfaction is a tool for improving and optimising the quality of services provided by the laboratory. The results obtained in our survey are encouraging. On the other hand, some deviations were identified and can be improved through proposed corrective actions.
Any acquisition of land is conditioned by certain legal formalities provided for by the land law, the violation of which may result in both criminal and civil sanctions with regard to the purchaser on the one hand, and the authorities of the land administration on the other hand. All land ownership is proven by the registration certificate or a rental contract duly drawn up by the competent authority; and this is what is by land law and case law, other titles that are not recognized by law cannot constitute proof par excellence in matters of land ownership. In an urban constituency, the acquisition of land is only made after the signing of an order by the competent authority creating a subdivision. Therefore, any acquisition of land in an undeveloped urban district can lead to sanctions such as the nullity of established titles, or even the loss of the concession.
The local poultry population of Benin of Gallus gallus species is made of a variety of ecotypes including the Sahoue ecotype. The aim of this study is to determine the variations in carcass characteristics and meat quality of this ecotype according to the slaughtering process and the post-mortem aging time. Therefore, 24 chicken of 6 months of age, of similar live weight were divided into two groups and slaughtered respectively according to the conventional and traditional method of slaughter. It comes out from the study that carcass yield was affected by the method of slaughter with the highest values recorded in conventional meat (P<0.001). Technologically, the post-mortem pH of chicken from the conventional slaughtering process recorded at 1, 12 and 24-hour (6.11 vs. 5.69; 5.95 vs. 5.65 and 5.97 vs. 5.62) was the highest. However, the water holding capacity and nutritional parameters of the meat were similar (P>0.05) for both slaughtering modes. The total ash, crude protein and fat content of meat from conventional and traditional slaughtering processes were respectively 0.96% and 0.99%; 19.34% and 19.38% and 2.87% and 2.71%. The post-mortem aging time of the meat affected only the dry matter and mineral content of the meat (P<0.05). Positive and significant correlations were also obtained between the technological and nutritional parameters of the meat.
The ecosystem services provided by earthworm populations are poorly studied under perennial crop agrosystems in Côte d’Ivoire. The present study, carried out in the Daloa department, aims to identify groups of responses within earthworm populations to changes in edaphic parameters in three types of perennial crops. To this end, earthworm populations and physico-chemical parameters were sampled on three transects per plantation, in nine plantations divided between three facies: cocoa, oil palm and rubber. The stand of the nine plantations was found to be rich in 13 species of earthworms. Six species dominated the stand, of which four, namely Hyperiodrilus africanus, Stuhlmannia zielae, Dichogaster baeri and Gordiodrilus paski showed a preference for crops. Indeed, Hyperiodrilus africanus, Stuhlmannia zielae and Gordiodrilus paski were indicative of sandy soils under palm plantations; the detritivore Dichogaster baeri was associated with cocoa and rubber plantations where the soils are silty-sandy and have a high organic matter content. These results open up new avenues of research on the roles of earthworms in the functioning of soils in cocoa, palm and rubber plantations in the region. For example, it will be investigated whether earthworm populations can be used in the development of a holistic index similar to the general soil quality index to assess soil quality.
In the climate change context, the reduction of forest area under the influence of cacaoculture is a growing problem. In Côte d’Ivoire, mitigating the effects of climate change in cacaoculture requires the introduction and preservation of woody species in plantations, in association to cocoa trees. However, the current intensification of land use is leading to a reduction of the number of trees associated to cocoa trees and the contribution of this woody flora to the mitigation of the effects of climate change is unclear. Our study aimed to assess the carbon storage of the associated woody species and to characterize the determinants of carbon storage. The circumference at 1.30 m above soil and total height of all individuals taller than 2 m in height were measured in 15 squares of 2 400 m2 for the associated woody stand and in 15 sub-squares of 800 m2 for the cocoa stand. The results showed that the carbon storage of the associated woody stand is 5 times higher than that the cocoa stand and recorded for large trees (diameter > 20 cm; height >8 m) such as Antiaris toxicaria, Ricinodendron heudelotii and Persea americana. Also, this high carbon storage is mainly due to the diameter and total height of the tree and not to the number of individuals. The association of large-scale species with cocoa trees could guarantee the resilience of cocoa agroforestry systems with trees.
The research aims to benefit from Functional constructivist theory in solving socio-economic problems through multiple applied approaches to art printing, deepening the role of art printing and its applications in the economic development of society. The importance of research lies in the addition of innovative artistic printing approaches through the use of constructive theory in the society's economic advancement, as well as developing the human resources in the community by contributing to poverty reduction. The researcher has followed the descriptive approach in the theoretical framework, and the applied method in the practical framework. The main findings were that the foundations and principles of functional constructivist theory help develop society economically through art. While Linking functional constructivist theory with the field of art printing helps reduce poverty and contribute to the society's human development. The most important recommendations of the research are to invest the theoretical and practical study of this research in various small projects in different fields of art.