Managing the post-weaning period in children-farm in North Kivu is a problem that requires the use of local products of agriculture. A composite flour made from corn, sweet potato, pumpkin and soy has been proposed to substitute breast milk. Three treatments were then developed with each clean overalls him. The physico-chemical analyzes and the organoleptic characteristics tests were then performed on the three treatments at the end of which the following results were obtained: - Treatment III, containing 30% corn, 40% of sweet potato, squash 10% and 20% soy, was found to be the combination that offers many advantages over other light of its wealth protein, minerals and vitamins; - The composite flour obtained has remarkable physicochemical properties. Low humidity for proper preservation, a protein capable of covering in small quantities the protein needs of children under one year, an acceptable percentage of fat needed to provide essential lipids in the body without so ask digestion or diarrhea problems. The only drawback it has is that it contains few minerals and vitamins. - When compared to breast milk and formulations already developed in the North, the composite flour obtained is illustrated with a high protein content (16%), low humidity and a share of acceptable fat. It also has weaknesses as regards mineral salts and vitamins. - The organoleptic characteristics of this flour have been very interesting with an average rating of "very good" from every point of view whether the aroma, the taste and color.
Trade liberalization is one of the greatest challenges facing environmental sustainability in Uganda. However, this seems to be far from reality because there are indications that trade liberalization as in a number of aspects failed to achieve the desired outcome as there are negative impacts on developing countries. The study was carried out to determine how trade liberalization and environment relate and how they can be mutually supportive with the aim to enhance the existing knowledge and even widen the understanding while developing trade policies to undertake appropriate measures that can enhance environmental sustainability. The researchers employed quantitative method of data collection. The secondary data was obtained through extensive literature review of documents. The results of the study show the need to lobby for more environmental friendly technologies, holding actors and stakeholders responsible for their dubious actions and promote incentives for proper hazardous waste management. The report underlines that to balance the trade policies; environmental standards will require a coordinated public private partnership and multilateral cooperation.
A number of plants and their part are used as chewing sticks in Kano, Nigeria. Different researches have been carried out on the antimicrobial effect of chewing sticks on oral micro organisms. This research work was aimed to determine the antibacterial activity of aqueous and ethanolic extract of plants and five different types of conventional toothpaste, commonly used in Kano on clinical isolate of staphylococcus and streptococcus species obtained from dental problem with a view to find the most efficacious one among them, sensitivity disc method was used to test the antibacterial activity of chewing sticks, A. lebbeck, J. curcas, A. Indica, N. latifolia and V. amydalina were the plants and Toothpaste are Dabur, Florish, Close up, Maclean and Mymy. It was found that none of the plants 'aqueous extract had activity on the two species of the bacterial isolate at various concentrations. But in ethanolic extract were active against all the test bacterial isolate obtained from dental problem with greater zone of inhibition in N. latifolia, followed by A. Indica and smaller zone of inhibition in J. curcas. In comparism with conventional toothpaste, chewing sticks produced similar or greater zone of inhibition than Mymy (toothpaste). Some of the secondary metabolites were all presents with high content in ethanolic extract. The extracts of these plants and toothpastes may serve as sources for chemotherapeutic agents of the management of orofacial infection.
La production des légumes devient de plus en plus impérieuse dans les agglomérations comme c'est le cas dans la ville de Bukavu dont la population accroit avec une vitesse anachronique au taux de normal de la démographie. Cette étude intéresse la production en termes de biomasse des feuilles de chou rouge et dont l'observation a portée sur la croissance, la formation des pommes et le rendement sous différents traitements d'engrais organiques. Les résultats sont évalués à deux niveaux : Sur le plan de l'analyse physico-chimique des sols, il ressort un apport considérable dans le changement de la composition du sol enrichi. Le fumier est plus remarquable en apport d'azote et de phosphore, l'engrais flamand en complexe d'échanges (Ca, Mg, K) et le phosphore. Sur le plan de l'évolution des plantes, l'engrais flamand vient en premier sur les aspects : nombre (33,8 - 47,4), taille (312cm2 - 902cm2), coloration des feuilles (vert rouge – vert cendre rouge), diamètre de pomme (3,2-6,2), rendement/ poids moyen (0,35kg – 0,65kg). Les résultats pour le fumier et le compost sont de moyenne entre l'engrais flamand et le témoin. Ce qui rassure de remettre à la terre ce qu'elle perd après récolte dans les champs et vendues comme denrées alimentaire. L'engrais flamand et sa production en quantité suffisante dans le cadre d'assainissement des sanitaires à travers la ville de Bukavu, offre une opportunité et constitue une alternative de renforcement dans la production du fumier de la spéculation leguminière.
This research consisted to the assessment of the degree of pollution of the waters of the Kivu lake: case of the basin of Bukavu, being given the different affluents that himself pours there with all ways of garbages. The objective of this last is to achieve a qualitative survey of the waters of the Kivu lake according to the ecological norms in the determination of the temperature, the pH, the alkalinity or the acidity, of the dissolved oxygen and of the biologic and chemical demand in oxygen on one hand; and on the other hand the comparison of the pollution degree in the different mentions retained: SNCC, BRALIMA, PHARMAKINA, BWINDI, KAZINGO and RUZIZI, the waters of large having served like witnesses. After analysis of results, he/it cleared himself/itself what follows: - The temperature of the waters of the Kivu lake is variable next one seasons with an average of 23°C; - The waters of the lake are alkali and variable according to seasons; - The dissolved oxygen is variable between 2,92 and 4,84mg/l, what is an admissible value for a better life in the aquatic middle because lower to 5mg/l. He/it is therefore conclusive that the waters of the coastline of the Kivu lake in the basin of Bukavu are polluted in the decreasing order in sites of the following manner: SNCC, PHARMAKINA, KAZINGO, BRALIMA and BWINDI.
The environment in the country is threatened particularity in Sud-Kivu in different aspects and one of them which must be taken with care is the pollution made by plastics. Over their presence in dumps, there plastic rubish are found everywhere in roads, streets, avenues even in roads which lead to villages. In addition, these rubbish are being found in the fields and pastures. After having observed most of beasts with the presence of strange plastics, an hypothesis given by some farmers is that there were plastics covered with oil and salt according to their opinion. Surely, scientifically we wondered if humanly speaking that is possible whereas these farmers provide cows to butchery. There farmers make their cows swallow plastic materials in order to bring them elsewhere to be bred. This study was done in order to comprehend exactly what is taking place and the consequences of plastic rubbish and ingested clothes. With the sample of 1270 beasts slaughtered in the four slaughterhouses, we got 179 beasts having strange elements : 13,4% at Mugogo, 12,1% at Mudaka, 14,7% at Beach Muhanzi and 22,5% specialy for little ruminant at Beach Muhanzi/ Kachoma. During the research of diagnosis protocol on an animal living emaciated, the reductions approved of ruminating constitute presumptive elements in our area deeply polluted. The scarcity of farming lands and the one of forage (lack of integral agriculture) situation which render beast to be vulnerable on pica (sickness of flesh). From there primary results, 24 beasts were diagnosed and confirmed after "laparotomie" in investigation followed by a "rumenotomie". A experiment of healing by administrating beer "coca-cola" in its selling states destined in human beverage does not give any result as it is the case of "emollients" and "laxactifs". This drink doesn't affect these plastic rubbish in vitro conditions of dose in the mixture of a rumenal sac and coca-cola diluted rate of 50%.
This study focuses on how the role of libraries as information disseminator has changed. Physical walls of library for book-storage have turned into virtual collection. E-Learning is developed to apply information technology applications to education and is considered as tools of empowering knowledge. Library professionals need to understand e-Learning to provide effective distance library services, because learners are located anywhere, of any age and any gender. In library, knowledge production and consumption can be connected with circulation of knowledge by e-learning to form a knowledge service chain. This paper intends to introduce knowledge management and e-learning to redefine knowledge service of libraries. At the end, there are two examples to show the content of library paperless learning service models.
This article that is titled "the being and the appearing at the veileds" of Niamey is about the main reasons of the wearing of the veil in Niamey. Considering the extent of the phenomenon in Niamey, it has appeared interesting for us to study it on other viewpoints beyond the religious one. That is why twenty or so wearers, ten or so none wearers and some well-informed persons have been questioned. These interviews reinforced by documentary researches have lead to some results according which the wearing of the veil is widely out of religious considerations even If they remain the most cited ones. With many local labels full of symbols the veil is wired in Niamey as so for customary, compulsory reasons as for strategic and religious reasons. The veil is in other considered in Niamey as a phenomenon of fashion that win the women of every age and every religious trend.
The paper focuses on the implications of changing phases of property and land ownership on the physical development of Nigeria cities with special reference to the core area of Akure, Ondo state. Cities in Nigeria are characterised by multiplicity of conversion, which is now threatening the peaceful co-existence of in Nigeria. This alarming situation is calling for the immediate attention of the spatial planner to address its attendant problems. Method implored in the study includes direct observations, measurements and oral interview. The study reveals rapid urbanisation, competition for property at the city centre for locational advantage, diverted interest, poor density, inadequate and poor implementation of land development policies in the state as some of the factors responsible for changes in phases of property and land ownerships. The paper advocated for quick domestication and implementation of Ondo State Urban and Regional Planning Law that has been underway for sometimes, public enlightenment campaign, strict enforcement of existing Urban and Regional Planning Laws, proper monitoring of development projects among others with a view to ensure strict compliance of the laws towards sustainable city development.
Trastuzumab is the first target molecule designed for breast cancer treatment. In first-line metastatic, trastuzumab in combination with chemotherapy significantly improved survival of patients bearing HER2-positive breast cancer. In adjuvant trastuzumab was tested in several randomized trials. In contemporary literature, many strong arguments confirm the clear survival benefit of trastuzumab in adjuvant administered concomitantly with taxane-based chemotherapy and concomitant with radiation therapy, and for a period of one year.
The study in-Angré Djibi (Cocody) during the period January-December 2012 aims to improve our knowledge of birds in urban areas of Abidjan. To do this we conducted a qualitative inventory of birds by direct observation and using the transect method with points counting. In total 73 species distributed in, 32 families and 14 orders were counted. From the biogeographic status point of view of 45 these species are resident, two species are intra-African migratory, 8 species are from Palearctic, 17 are both resident and migratory. From the point of view of the preferred habitat, 21 species (28.76%) are water birds, 47 species (64, 38 %) are birds of open habitats, and 5 species (6, 84%) are from secondary forests.
A total of 324, 21-days old cobb 500 strain chicks were used to evaluate the effect of graded level of wheat bran supplemented with natron on the growth performances of broiler chickens at finisher phase. Three groups of chickens subjected to a basal diet with respectively 0, 15 and 30% of maize replaced by wheat bran (R0, R15 and R30) were compared to six others groups fed on basal diets supplemented with 0.2 or 0.4% natron. The mains results revealed no significant effect of different treatments on feed intake. However, all other growth parameters including weight gain and feed efficiency decreased with increasing level of wheat bran and natron in the rations. In the same trend, carcass yield and the abdominal fat tend to decrease with increasing level of wheat bran in the diet. In contrast, the relative weight of gizzard, and weight and density of intestine tends to increase with increasing level of wheat bran. In conclusion, it is not economically profitable for productive performances to use natron as feed additive to improve wheat bran valorization in poultry production.
The ligand glycine-2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde (GNH) was synthesized by stirring at room temperature and used for the preparation of Mn(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) complexes. These were characterized using infrared, electronic absorption data, molar conductivity melting points and solubility. The melting points of the synthesized compounds were in the range of 235.6- 253.7 0C while the conductivities measured in DMSO were in the range of 2.09 - 6.65 µs. The infrared spectra data of these ligands and their metal complexes showed that the ligands are neutral bidentate molecules which coordinated to the metal ions through the azomethine nitrogen atom of the Schiff bases and the carboxylate oxygen atom of the schiff bases. From the UV visible data available, tetrahedral geometry have been assigned to the prepared complexes. The antimicrobial studies of the synthesized compounds on micro-organisms such as: Escherichia coli, Staphylococus aureus, Salmonella typhi and Candida albicans at different concentrations revealed that all the ligands and complexes have good antimicrobial activities. The complexes showed enhanced activities and their activities against the micro organisms increased with increasing concentrations.
In the scenario of price complexity the industrial process such as electricity generation or (CNG) liquid fuel production or such business process that required a very strong policy of pricing to accommodate the consumer demand against production. A new mathematical tool suggest a logical pricing rule for such non-reversible business process by using mathematical distribution and costing algorithms the short fall of production due to high cost of generating parameters is compensated by using linear distribution and economize utility of resources. The major share of the consumer parameter is isolated by using non-production parameters of generation into direct relation of pricing the mathematical caricature used for simulation on the business model will be analyze by using mathematical tools for a definite workable pricing rule.
Among the agronomic practices, planting time and nitrogen fertilization are the prime factors that limit crop production to its full extent. Field experiment was conducted at the Agricultural Research Station of King Abdul Aziz University at Hada Al-Sham during 2012 and 2013 seasons to investigate the effect of sowing date (November 05, November 20 and December 05) and nitrogen rates (0,100 and 200 kgha-1) on growth and yield of barley. Statistical analysis of gained data presented significant effect of nitrogen levels on barley growth and yield parameters. November 20plantation outcompeted the rest of the planting times and produced superior plant height, 1000 grain weight, plant dry biomass, grain weight and chaff weight while November 05 produced higher number of spikelets spike-1 and harvest index compared to November20 and December 05plantation. The highest level of nitrogen fertilizer (200 kgha-1 leads to an increase in plant height, number of spikesm-2, spike weight, spike length, number of spikeletsspike-1and 1000 grain weight. Delay in plating time such as December 05reduced vegetative and reproductive growth period thus results in lower biological and grain yield, number of spikesm-2, number of spikeletsspike-1, harvest index, 1000 grain weight, nitrogen and protein content. Significant interaction of sowing dates × nitrogen fertilization were also recorded for several studied traits. Barley growth and yield contributors were positively correlated to grain nitrogen and protein content.
The parallel manipulator (PM) is made up of five-bars, two prismatic joints and three revolute joints, where two prismatic joints that are attached to the base. In this paper, PM designed as lightweight manipulator to provide an alternative high-speed writing positioning mechanism to serial architecture manipulator. Lightweight mechanism is more likely to exhibit structural defection and vibrate due to the force from high-speed motion and external force from actuators. This paper proposes a new method of modeling and simulation of 2-DOF (degree-of-freedom). PM with flexible links calculated base on SolidWorks, MATLAB, C# programming language. PM builds up with direct and inverse kinematic. The servo motor (Futaba-S3003) constructed under the environment of the controller (Arduino Pro-mini) to satisfy the performance requirement for making the end-effector track within the determined workspace. The determined workspaces are calculated by Geometric Analysis equations. End-effector points are shown by applying MATLAB. In additional the hardware result shows that the controller can control the movement of the robot effectively.
The aim of present research was to find out the importance of Attitudes of Mothers. To conduct the present research, the sample was consisted of 300 mothers from different localities of Karachi, representing educated mothers (who can read English), of the lower middle, middle and upper socioeconomic classes. Their ages range from 22 years to 49 years. Notably, all the mothers were married and others like single, widow or divorced mothers were not included in the sample. Within this sample mothers were selected from Joint Family Structure and Nuclear Family Structure. After completion of the Questionnaire of Demographic Characteristics, Form of Socioeconomic Class and Case History Sheet of the Institute of Clinical Psychology, the IPAT-Anxiety Scale (Krug, Scheier and Cattell, 1976) and IPAT-Depression Scale (Krug and Laughlin, 1976) Dysfunctional Attitudinize (Therapy Form) Scale and DAS (Form A) were administered to the mothers. Scores of the forms administered IPAT Anxiety Scale and IPAT Depression Scale, Dysfunctional Attitudinize (Therapy Form) Scale and DAS (Form A) were tabulated to measure the that there was positive correlation between Anxiety and depressive symptoms and dysfunctional attitudes among mothers. The research helped to provide recommendations to the mothers that to decrease their anxiety and depressive symptoms they need to work on attitude toward life.
In this paper, Bader atomic charges for LiH was calculated. Pauling electronegativity for Li, bond length and hydrogen ionic radius for LiH. were also calculated. Electron density difference between GGA+U and GGA–PBE was plotted. It was observed that the difference was positive, and this was symptomatic of the charge being more localized on S orbital of hydrogen for GGA + U functional calculations.
In societies; modern as traditional, it is increasingly noted the recurrence of patterns of deviant behaviour and very often justified. Yet all human beings who have reasons acknowledge what is permitted and encouraged on the one hand and on the other hand, what is prohibited and condemned by the laws of society. This is thanks to some defense mechanisms and other social reasons, some people or groups tend to trivialize or even to relativize all forms of vice and in the present case, issues revolving around the incivility. It is clear that any negative act done within such a framework leaves most of the time to witnesses an "indelible" stain that the community should mitigate if not clear. Through a psychological approach, we intend to develop this thinking to lay bare some reasons favouring the proliferation of this phenomenon, particularly in the Cameroonian society. The goal here is to call back consciences to order and bring about a change of behaviour which will certainly allow the development of our societies and our living conditions improved.
This project is aimed at determining the effect of poultry dung and organomineral fertilizer on the growth of maize (plant height) at different stations (Apomu, Iwo and Jago). Response Surface Methodology, the first- order and the second- order models are used to determine the optimal plant height for given level of each of the variables or factors considered. Each location needs different requirement of fertilizer application, Apomu and Jago locations need the average of 83kg/ha of poultry-dung while Iwo location needs as much as 100kg/ha of organomineral to produce the optimum plant height.
Goal: To determine the prevalence of underweight and short stature in school, as well as lifestyle and socioeconomic factors that influence them. Methods: We conducted a survey on a sample of 1237 students aged 12 to 19 years of public and private colleges in the city of Settat. The underweight and short stature were respectively defined by the threshold index lower BMI body mass on the 3rd percentile for age and gender of the French reference corpulence curves, and the size threshold is lower 3rd percentile for age and sex of L WHO waist curves Results: The total enrollment of students is 1237, 644 girls and 593 boys, with 364 private and 873 public. The mean age was 14.7 years in public (14, 5 years old girls and 14.9 years old boy) and 13.6 years in private .The prevalence of underweight and short stature are more common in students in public schools; 2.62% underweight and 8.57% of stature against 1.65% underweight and 4.69% of stature among students in private colleges. Male dominance is statistically significant for short stature; 13.58% for boys against 3.79% in girls. Conclusion: Although the prevalence of underweight and short stature in Morocco is regarded as low, it exists.; thus, prevention and the deployment of the control measures are necessary so as avoid health problems as the case in the underdeveloped countries.
This text is a summary of archaeological studies conducted in the basin of the Mbila, Department of Nyong and Kelle on national no. 2, 115 kilometres from the town of Yaoundé. An overview of the history of archaeological research in the Basaa land is given. A reconstitution of the cultural historical settlement of the study area is addressed through the reading of its material culture.
A voltage source inverter is commonly used to supply a three-phase induction motor with variable frequency and variable voltage for variable speed applications. A suitable pulse width modulation technique is employed to obtain the required output voltage in the line side of the inverter. The different methods for PWM generation are broadly classified into Triangle comparison based PWM and Space Vector based PWM. Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation (SVPWM) method is an advanced, computation intensive PWM method and possibly the best among all the PWM techniques for variable frequency drive applications. The SVPWM is an alternative method for the determination of switching pulse width and their position. This method has been finding widespread application in recent years because of the easier digital realization and better dc bus utilization. 2-level inverter is the first model developed using this technique. In SVPWM methods, a revolving reference voltage vector is provided as voltage reference instead of three phase modulating waves. The magnitude and frequency of the fundamental component in the line side are controlled by the magnitude and frequency, respectively, of the reference vector. This paper describes comparison of 2-level SPWM and 2-level SVPWM inverter fed induction motor. This project also describes step by step procedure how to implement 2-level SVPWM technique for three phase inverter. All the methods are simulated and results are obtained using MATLAB/SIMULINK. Speed response and THD levels are compared. From the results it is concluded that the dynamic response is improved and THD level of input current to induction motor is reduced in case of SVPWM when compared to SPWM.
Ten isolates, from 25 skin scraping of cutaneous infected site were diagnosed as Candida albicans. Infection with C. albicans was the highest among females than males with a rate of 80% and 20% respectively, and among patients with age 21-30 years(40%). In vitro antifungal susceptibility of ketoconazole, fluconazole, Nystatin, Amphotericin–B and Clotrimazole against clinical isolates of C. albicans indicate that the yeast isolates were susceptible (100%) to four antifungal, while 3 out of isolates were resistance to fluconazole with inhalation zone 20.4mm. The in vitro study using the seed extracts of Carica papaya at concentrations 10%, 25% and 50% inhibited the growth of C. albicans with rate 10mm, 9mm, 8mm, respectively compatible with control(0%) 15mm. In vivo antifungal activity studies on candidiasis in mice treated with the seed extract (2.5g/kg body weight), liver showed infiltration in lymphocyte and hydropic degeneration, while spleen and kidney showed in filtration of lymphocyte, compatible with negative control (not treatment) and positive control treated with ketoconazole.