To determine the prevalence of related-home injuries among children who were admitted for at least 24 hours in the surgical pediatric emergencies department, in the Children's hospital of Rabat, Morocco. Methods: a transversal retrospective study about children with home-related injuries carried out between January 1 and June 30, 2014. Indicators included: age, gender, cause, month, lesions, duration and location of hospital staying, surgery and evolution. The data entered on Excel and analyzed by SPSS 13. Results: 761 files from 900 hospitalizations were studied. Male were 75% and the median of age was 8 years 3years; 13 years. The leading causes of non-fatal injuries were falls, cut or piercing and burns. The lesions were head injuries (154 cases), fractures (433 cases), gate fingers (61 patients), burns (52 cases) and bipolar trauma (28 patients). Length of stay is 24 hours in 74.8%. The majority of patients was hospitalized in the emergency department and received nonoperative treatment with a simple evolution (respectively 96.1%, 73.1% and 90.6%). Conclusion: home related injuries deserve to be taken seriously.
In the framework of a general program to develop the production of the pigeon flesh in Morocco, we carried out in our laboratory a specific study on the bacterial risk contaminations of two local pigeon races called Beldi and Mgandi; in addition to a spanish race named Sevillanos. In fact, as the most poultry species, pigeons are characterized by their small size, an ease in manipulation on the farm and slaughtering, necessitating simpler devices for experiments. The latter has for objectives the genetic selection and the comparison of food systems of farm breeding methods. The results of the various analysis and the comparison of the averages show an important contamination of the visceral organs by different germs. This study shows that the local races are characterized by their resistance to colliforms, staphylococcus and streptococus. If the months with high temperature remain a favourable periode for the developpement of the faecal germs, the wintry months, however, are characterized by a high rate of mortality among pigeons. Besides, the female pigeons remain more exposed to the contaminations by most of the studied germs.
Our objective is to assess the environmental issue based on the percentages of the main biophysical and ecological phenomena in question released by the group of French researchers. Among the main environmental problems are particularly climate change, air pollution, scarcity of water, deforestation, pollution of water, waste management, biodiversity loss, population growth, population movements, deterioration of soil ecosystem-equilibrium, chemical Pollution, Urbanization, thinning of the ozone layer, energy, consumption, new diseases, degradation of natural resources etc... The study we noted that climate change is at the top of the main environmental problems of a percentage of 51%, the scarcity of fresh water by 29%, deforestation 28%, biodiversity loss 23% , waste management 20%, urban 23% and decrease in ozone 15%... And last comes the increased sea level Therefore one might conclude that climate change is closely correlated with urban policies in industrial energy and transportation. In a context dominated by the struggle against the emission of greenhouse gases, problems of air quality should not be underestimated and policies relating to climate protection must be taken into account.
The Poisoning caused by gaseous products still frequent, serious and often unrecognized. It represents a real menace to public health. The prevention is necessary to reduce the severity of this problem. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical and evolutionary characteristics of patients poisoned by gaseous products. In The present epidemiological study we collected 380 cases of poisoning reported by provincial delegation of Errachidia, during a period from 2004 to 2011. The results showed the average age of the intoxicated was 26 ±16years. The poisonings in this province mainly concerne the adults whose age is between 20 and 74 years (59.04% of cases). The average incidence was 0.85 per 10000 inhabitants. The female patients predominated with 67.10%, the sex ratio (F/M) was 2.04. The frequencies of the highest poisoning were recorded in the urban area with 92%. The poisonings were accidental in 97.1% of the cases. Neuro-intestinal symptoms were the most frequent (36.8%), followed by neurological signs (35.5%) and gastrointestinal (22.1%).
The City of El Oulja is known for the concentration of craft trades, including pottery which is the most represented in terms of number of production units. Pottery contributes to the growth of the craft sector and reflects the wealth of the latter. It also has the potential for unprecedented development. This study is the result of a survey of potters settled in the city of El Oulja. It analyzes the existence, and the need of innovation, a factor that may contribute to the evolution of pottery. In El Oulja the use of innovation remains weak because of the resistance of potters to change due to the traditional nature of the activity. Thus, the establishment of a localized production system in this city would represent many advantages and benefits through to the ease and efficiency of the flow of knowledge within it.