The present study aims to evaluate the floristic richness of the Lwampango relict forest located in the Kaziba chiefdom in South Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. The transect technic was used to collect data. The results reveal 90 plant species divided into 79 genera and 42 families. The most represented families are: Asteraceae (17.77%), Rubiaceae (7.77%), Acantaceae (5.49%), Fabaceae (4.39%). The analysis of the flora shows that herbaceous (53%), Phanerophytes (42.86%) and Afro-tropical species (51.11%) predominate. The studied ligneous fraction has an average dbh varying between 15.3 cm and 43.6 cm. The highest relative abundance is reported in Macaranga kilimandscharica (9.79%), this species also has the highest Importance Value Index (28.02%). The relative dominance is observed in Polycias fulva (11.09%). This study reveals a diversified flora that inspires to be extended to other forest formations and forest groups in South Kivu Province and its surroundings. The results of these studies will allow the elaboration of a better data base necessary for the management and sustainable conservation of forests and the ecosystem services they provide to the population.
This article concerns the study of a measuring instrument controlled by ESP 32 with local monitoring of biological parameters providing information on the state of scarring of human skin with 2nd degree burns; A brief review of the literature on existing or deployed therapeutic techniques and means for people suffering from 2nd degree burns is presented and allowed us to study the characteristics that led to the establishment of an architecture of the new proposed biomedical instrument. This electronic instrument consists of: a dimensional sensor (depth and thickness) of the wound; a sensor for humidity and thermal states (hypothermia and hyperthermia); a cardiac parameter acquisition sensor, a microcontroller mini-card which manages the A / D conversion and digital processing of measured biological quantities, with monitoring of these quantities on an LCD display. The virtual simulation results with a functional aspect obtained are validated in the PROTEUS software of said instrument, which are presented and then interpreted, prove to be satisfactory; the experimental workshop and the main results obtained are presented. These give very good results since in addition to the completely stable acquisition of biological parameters, the proposed system does not interfere with devices emitting electromagnetic radiation. Thus, a first prototype of this proposed instrument was produced, with a view to embedding it in a new biomedical therapeutic suit for people with 2nd degree burns.
Intussusception is the penetration of a segment of bowel into a more distal segment. It is frequent in children and considered an unusual condition in adults. We report a case of a 65-year old woman with acute intussusception secondary to ileal polyp diagnosed by abdominal CT scan and confirmed by surgery. The patient underwent a bloc ileocecal resection with respecting the oncological rules.
This paper is explaining the missions of a parliamentary assistant. Parliamentary assistantship is a new political profession whose missions are not knowing by many persons in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Parliamentary Assistants are not carriers of deputies briefcases or shopping boys and girls. They have a very important role in the exercise of a parliamentary mandate.For this purpose, they prepare amendments to proposals and bills; they prepare bills that the deputy wants to table; they make briefing notes for the deputy's speeches and speeches; they advise the deputy; they write parliamentary questions and so on. Thus, the choice of a parliamentary assistant is a very essential element for the success of the parliamentary mandate. But it should be noted that, the function of parliamentary assistant is not currently secure. That is why this study also proposes solutions that can help protect parliamentary assistants who are the closest collaborators of deputies.
The leadership conflict is today one of the wrong that tarnish the image of churches in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This study consists of demonstrating the role of public authorities in finding solutions to the leadership conflict in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Congo.To this end, those who hold political power must be involved in helping the conflicting parties to come to an agreement. To effectively resolve this conflict, full members should review the method of appointing Church leaders by opting for the rule of the rotating presidency in order to avoid tribalism, regionalism, corruption in all its forms in the choice. of the Legal Representative and of the Presiding Bishop and allow all Bishops to accede to the aforementioned positions.
Contemporary developments in public action constitute a field of research rich in informations on the logics of innovation. Institutional and organizational innovations participate in a dynamic of change that makes them worthy of interest in entrepreneurship. Indeed, the modes of organization, operation and intervention of communities and regions have been affected by a wave of innovations such as the SDLs and SDRs. We proceeded to construct the theoretical framework using the literature on innovation and entrepreneurship in the public sector. The literature review helped fuel the questioning of public entrepreneurship as well as its operationalization. Through a survey conducted among public officials in the Souss-Massa region, a relationship model is proposed. What forms has entrepreneurial innovation taken, and what roles have been played by entrepreneurs in the public sector. The process deserves to be studied in more detail to reveal, the triggers, the power plays, the time and place where it occurs, and the characteristics of the actors.
This study aims to analyse the income gaps between households engaged in farming activities only and those combining farming and non-farming activities in the Kaziba chiefdom.A structured survey was conducted at the beginning of the second half of 2019. It focused on collecting data on the living conditions of households in Kaziba. Five clusters formed the basis of our survey including Kashozi, Butuzi, Muhumba, Chihumba and Lukube. Two tools were used. (i) the Gini index decomposition approach and (ii) the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke poverty analysis approach (distribution, intensity) between households. The results of the Gini index decomposition show that non-agricultural activities reduce income inequality within households by 13.04%. In addition, the poverty analysis shows that households that engage in non-farm activities are less poor (73%) than those that engage in farming only (81%). The policy implication in terms of enabling resilience strategies would be to encourage non-farm activities in households that can increase their income and reduce poverty.