This study was carried out at the Bukavu central slaughterhouse known as the Ruzizi II / ELEKAT public slaughterhouse. The aim was to evaluate the slaughtering performance of slaughtered cattle within this slaughterhouse, not only taking into account their provenance, but above all by relying on their genotype expressed in the format and system breeding. The zootechnical parameters were determined by the barymmetric method to take the size at the withers or the Ugandan zebu comes first, the oblique length of the trunk of the animal or it is the Rwandan zebu that comes before and the thoracic perimeter of which the bull has a high score, here it is Swiss brown. While the yield components consisted of weighing the animal before slaughter for live weight and after slaughter, the weight of the carcass. The results obtained showed that the genomic expression retains its value whereas the system of breeding plays little. It was found that the average zebu yielded a slaughter yield which was low by 44% followed by the small-size zebu with a yield of 46% at the time when the taurine reached a high yield of order of 49%. Nevertheless, it appears that the hazards of transport and food play on these results.
The causes of animal organ seizures at the Ruzizi II public slaughterhouse (ELEKAT) and their biological consequences are a major global concern (veterinary-biological-financial-social), which attracts the attention of more than one researcher and for which a record of considerable losses of meat, but also silver remains unknown until now. This in fact led us to carry out a retrospective study over a period between 2013 and 2015.
To this end, our working methodology was based on the survey carried out at the public abattoir Ruzizi II of Bukavu, commonly known as Elekat (Katanga Breeding) during the aforementioned period.
The results obtained are as follows:
- 20 different causes of meat seizure were inventoried, most of which are diseases. Among these causes, Distomatosis (or Fasciolosis) is dominant.
- The actual beef losses amount to 6256 Kg for the period of study from 2013 to 2015. The Liver is the most seized organ, of the order of 4388 Kg for 4 reasons including Distomatose, Echinococcosis, Cysticercosis and Hepatic Abscesses.
- Heart and Spleen have small weights in meat seizures of 0.5 kg each, and for a single cause (Pericarditis for the Heart and Abscess for Spleen)
- Purchase of meat inspected by the veterinary service
- Sensitization of butchers on the cleanliness of their equipment, including clothing, in order to avoid contamination of the meat.
- The continuation of the study in the other slaughterhouses and killings of the city and which, moreover, are more archaic, for the progress of science and veterinary public health.
- A mini laboratory is essential to the slaughterhouse to improve the detection of seizures and to count down the epidemiological situation of the provenance areas, as the region is part of the overall context of the Great Lakes subregion ( CPEGL).
Local development initiatives emerged strongly in the 1970s and has become increasingly important in recent years. Therefore, the strong potential of the local development can improve and regenerate the economies and societies. The aim of this paper is to present the dynamic concept of Territory in a Globalized World. As well as to show the link between Territoriality and other concepts like: innovation and proximity.
A language aims at communicating and communication always means transfer of information from a source to a target.
In any language community there is a variety of functions that constitute its structure and ways of available to its members which is different from a given community to another.
English and Mashi being languages in different areas, they have some similarities and differences in their ways of being used especially in different patterns and meanings by speakers. This article will present the way English conditional sentences are used in English and the way they are used in Mashi. The latter is language spoken in Bushi area Such as Walungu and Kabare territories in South-Kivu Province in DRC.
English as a foreign language in Bushi and an Indo-European language, it does not correspond systematically to the same construction ways. This article, therefore uses conceptual meanings to equip English /Shi language learners and speaking people with strategies that will help them learn English conditional sentences with less difficulties and provide teachers of English with some techniques that they may utilize when teaching conditionals to Shi /English speakers learning English/Mashi.
A study has been conducted on the identification and inventory of kinds of fish species Synodontis and Distichodus captured in the Congo River Lualaba in its part in Kindu. The methodology was the collection of data on fish species and genera Synodontis Distichodus field and treatments. The study specimens were harvested in different Beach of the Congo River in its Lualaba part, where fish are sold. The individuals harvested were obtained by purchase from the fishermen who use the nets as the main catching gear. The identification was made by browsing the available literature (identification keys and previous works). The study revealed that 3 species of fish of the genus Synodontis and 2 species of the genus Distichodus have been inventoried. The results of the qualitative survey shows that the species Synodontis Synodontis budgetti for the genre dominates with 25.64%, followed by the species Distichodus sexfasciatus with 21.37%, with 20.51 and decorus Synodontis Synodontis pleurops with 17, 09%. The species Distichodus rostratus is the least represented with 15.39%. As for the quantitative inventory, our results reflect the Synodontis species pleurops and Distichodus rostratus are less represented in the sample is 17.09% and 15.39%. As for morphometric measurements and weight, species Synodontis budgetti is longer with 4307mm and has a high weight 1171G and species Distichodus rostratus is short with a length of 1777 mm and the species has Distichodus sexfasciatus weight up to all species with 151g.
A study was conducted at Lake Ndjale to identify the fish that inhabit this aquatic ecosystem. This study contributes on the one hand to the knowledge of the fish fauna and to preserve in order to consider the introduction of the interesting species in pisciculture to improve the nutritional state of the population and its income.
We thought that Lake Ndjale would overflow a relatively diversified ichthyofauna that would be poorly or poorly known. At the end of this study, we obtained the following results:
- The fish inventory covered a collection of 648 fish divided into 9 families, 11 genera and 12 species that 9 families and 11 genera of the fish were listed. The families of Cichlidae and Mormyridae each have two genera and each genus bears one species. The families of Hepsetidae, Bagridae, Citharinidae, Mochocidae, Distichodontidae and Notopteridae are single-species families with one species per genus; except the family of Alestidae which is also mono-genus but with two species.
- The analysis of the relative index of fish communities in Lake Ndjale provides sufficient evidence that the Mochocidae family is the best represented. It has 508 specimens in all the samples ie 78.61% Synondotis, Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus (6.8%), Marcusenius sanagaensis (5.41%), Oreochromis niloticus (4.79%), Brycinus derheni (0.92%), Hemichromis fasciatus, Hepsetus odoe and Distochodu rostratus (0.61%), Gnathonemus peterssi, Xenomythus nigri and Citharinus latus are only 0.46%.
Based on our results, our hypothesis is verified and confirmed.
The question of management of household waste in Kinshasa attracts more and more attention to everything one last time. Many other researchers have already analyzed it widely and enough and some of their recommendations still deserve further scrutiny.
Indicators of the effectiveness of policy interventions in relation to the rationality of the management of the environment are measured by the absence of the psychological shocks as a result of the build-up of waste in unaccustomed places of the city. This image prompts signals of alarm or stimulations that are the basis for events, such as irritability, anxiety, depression (...) and disorders in the functioning of the organs. The removal of all causes of shocks and the implementation of safety policy able to organize the operation of household waste pre-collection in priority is one of the solutions of resilience to shocks. The context of resilience is seen as well, and not only have the ability to absorb disruptions but also to reorganize the structures so as to keep and not lose its essential functions.
A good household waste management policy has the following objectives: the preservation of the health of citizens, the protection of the environment. The key is that the Government is able to improve the living conditions of the population through support total or partial of the social problems which keep people in misfortune. There are also options to make changes at all levels: ethics, attitudes, behavior and mentality.
This study was conducted monthly in the man-made Lake Ayamé 2 from June 2015 to May 2016. This study was conducted monthly in the man-made Lake Ayamé 2 from June 2015 to May 2016. For the data collecting, a questionary survey was administered to fishers. The interviews were also held with the lake manager and the fishers, and the facts as observed in the field were made. A total, forty (40) fishermen were identified whose the Malians (52.5%), the Burkinabe (25%) and the Ivorians (22.5%). The fishing is practiced by both professional (foreigners) and occasional (Ivorians) fishermen. It mainly concerns adults men aged respectively between 30 and 45 years and 45 years plus. The majority of fishermen received primary school. Fishing gear used by Ivorian and foreign fishermen in this lake are gillnets, conical fishing baskets, casnets and harpoons.
At the worldwide scale, it is generally said that the mobile telephony is a product of large consumption, a good product that its quality depends on the use. Yet the access of a technology generally precedes its use. Africa is one of the favoured broacast of mobile telephony. With consistently, the evolution of the technologies increase, the issue of use according to the type of mobile phone brings out a serie of element discriminating some social layer. These determinants are as well as socio-economics cultural technico-geographics. This research aims at analyzing the determinant factors of the use of a type of phone in sub-prefecture of Bouaké that could be instigator or discriminating. To achieve that study, our methodology focuses on the gray literature and fields survey. The results of our survey points out that phone of option are more used by teenagers whereas the simple mobile phone is only used by adults. Furthermore, a lot of constraint first of all show the coexistence of grey area and white area, followed by the weak of electricity supply are the key of the simple mobile phone in some area of Bouaké.
The strong involvement of the State and private companies have promoted the development of rubber growing in Côte d'Ivoire. In the department of Aboisso located in the South-East of Côte d'Ivoire, this culture has experienced a real boom with the support of its actors and management structures. The present study proposes to identify the actors and structures of the rubber sector in Aboisso. Specifically, she wants to highlight the role of each entity in the success of this culture in this department. Based on the literature, survey data and data analysis, this study made it possible to establish the state of the types of actors and the different structures involved in the sector while noting their involvement. The analysis of these results reveals that the dynamism of the actors and the good organization of the structures to favor the success of this culture in the department.