A systematic ordering of the maps and plane has been led in the library of the Research Center in Natural Sciences of Lwiro. The methods used are the following: observation method and interpretation that consisted to the numbering of maps by domain and identification with numbering of the maps without scale and cards with scale. A total of 1.530 maps were classified: regional maps: 1 101 maps with 192 maps without scale; 159 geophysical maps in which 35 without scale; 64 geological maps in which 5 without scale; 32 maps of medical entomology in which 6 without scale and 175 maps without title (theme) and without scale; either a total of 413 maps without scale against 1.116 maps with scale that means having a domain and a scale (complete maps).
In any case of the natural risks or human risks, populations, ecosystems, flora and fauna are exposed to threats. The objective is to study the impact of intervening disasters in Bukavu city from 17 to January 26 2014. We preceded the interview of people met instead of the disaster victim. We have visit the damaged sites also (districts), through a transect walk as definite by Dery and al., (1999). The identification of the different disasters was done by free observation. The disasters occurred in Bukavu are varied (crumbling, landslide, tornado). The consequences on the buildings are considerable (wall collapsed to Camp Zaire, house slipped to Muhungu, house swallowed in the mud at College Alfajiri basin. The reasons of the disasters are the anarchical constructions in Bukavu city. The human damages recorder from 19 to 28 January 2014 is 21 deaths. For one housemaids management and prevention of the natural disasters in Bukavu city, the provincial government should push and improve the legal setting of assignment of the permits to build and fundamental titles taking into account the seismic norm.
The attenuation of the natural disasters supposes the reduction of the vulnerability concerning human lives, goods and activities. The objective is to inform the public on the nature, the consequences of the disasters on the man, the natural habitat and agricultural of the basin of the Lake Kivu of 2011 - 2013. It is beforehand about identifying the factors of vulnerability, of measures the range of it and to localize in the space the most sensitive sectors. The level of appreciation of the factors will make itself by free observation by one visit of the Neuman sites, (2011). Through a transverse walk (transect walk) for the identification of the different environmental problems, Dery and al., (1999). This method is going to permit to know the major environmental problems in the zones of intervention.
The analysis of the landscape can serve to value human actions on soil in the Lwiro region. The approach of the indicators bound to the management of soil in the region is not well stocked enough. These criteria had been verified by the direct observation of the intervention sites in relation with geology by simple and open questions to people of the village met for enlightenments on the state of soil by a transverse walk. The species indicator of infertile soil represents a negligible percentage (Imperate cylindrica 0,5% Guizotia scabra 0,6% Tagetes minuta 0,8% Rhychelytrum repent 1%) except Conyza sumantrensis 5%, Crassocephalum vitellinum 3%. broadly speaking the indicators bound to the management of soil in the region of Lwiro are represented better in Byalumba that in Muganzo and Tshibati. the agriculturists provide an effort to palliate to the difficulties bound to the management of the fields. The depth of soil is big in Byalumba 54cm follow-up of Muganzo 40cm and Tshibati, 38cm.
The survey carrying on the struggle against the bacterial wilt of the potato has been led between November 2012 and February 2013 on the Penap variety in the perspective to defend Solanum tuberosum against the aggressions of Pseudomonas solanacearum and to valorize thus potentialities them bactericidal and insecticide that offer Tephrosia vogelii and Nicotiana tabacum. To the results gotten it has been established that the use of the excerpts of T. vogelii about 200g leaves in one liter of water on the potatoes during one month stop not only the propagation of the illness but also increase the vigor and is important to prolong the longevity of the plantations reached. As for the use of N. tabacum in the treatment of the bacterial withering of the only potato, its mechanical effect against the vector has been found. The association of two plants however was a factor to high risk for the potatoes.
To control and improve on the quality of products and services is an important business strategy. Hence, the yearnings for quality services in all sector is not just a call from the consumers, clients or patients but an act to maintain the integrity of the manufacturer or service providers. In this research, the importance of statistical process control to health care delivery is being re-iterated with application to a real data set. The p-chart is being used and results compared with other results/findings in the literature.
Growth and yield of two Tunisian pepper varieties were evaluated for their salt and water stress tolerance under the salinity levels of 0, 30 and 60 mM NaCl and water stress with 50% depletion of available soil water. The treatment were applied 10 days after transplanting and continued up to plant harvesting. The results of this study indicated that growth, leaf area, yield and marketable fruits of the pepper genotypes were clearly decreased when the plants were exposed to water stress, salt stress and, combined salt and water stress conditions. Reduction is more noticeable in 60 mM NaCl salinity combined with water stress.
Use of doubled haploïdes allows to shorten considerably the cycle of classic selection and to obtain quickly a stable homozygotie. However, regeneration of albino plants, particularly for cereal, constitutes the major problem of this approach. Obtaining haplodiploïdes by in vitro culture of not fertilized ovaries is determined by numerous factors biological as physical or chemical. Our work concerned the optimization of the answer gynogenetique of three varieties of durum wheat (Cocorit, Isly, Jori) cultivated on two different media (M1 et M2) and subjected to a cold pre-treatment at 4 ° C for 7, 11 and 15 days.This work has demonstrated that genotypes interact strongly with pre-treatment duration and with induction medium composition. Thus, a beneficial effect of thermal pre-treatment was noted on the induction of embryos and production of callus, and also on the quality of regenerating. For the regeneration of green plants, the response of genotypes varied with the induction medium composition and with cold pre-treatment period. Indeed, M1 medium was favourable for Cocorit and Jori varieties but with different incubation duration. For cons, M2 medium gave better results with Isly genotype for 7 days incubation.
This paper presents a detailed review of experimental and modeling work carried out on devolatilization of different kinds of wood under fluidized bed combustion/pyrolysis conditions. Laboratory scale experimental studies as well as analytical, phenomenological and numerical modeling works have been reviewed and presented. It has been found that attempts to determine the kinetics in actual fluidized bed conditions have been carried out. There is no single devolatilization model that incorporates all the physical and chemical phenomena occurring during devolatilization. Moreover, the physical phenomenon of primary fragmentation has not been adequately incorporated in the models. Also, non-intrusive temperature measurement techniques need to be developed and demonstrated.
An electrical survey was carried out in the TSELFAT zone (SIDI KACEM - MOROCCO). The objective of the prospection was to trace the top of sandy limestone and limestone formations from the Miocene age. These materials could be used as raw material for cement manufacture if they were present in sufficient quantities. The results of the geophysical soundings show the succession of layers with resistivity ranging from 50 to 1300 Ω.m and thickness from 0.5 to 80 m. Considering the geological context, the sandy limestone and limestone layers at the study site are very interesting because they can establish a reserve of raw material.
The care-associated infections (CAI) are a public health problem. WHO showed that 8.7 % of hospital were affected by CAI. In Morocco in 1994, the prevalence of CAI was 10% in regional hospitals. The surgical site infections (SSI) are the most common complication of surgery. This is due to several factors related to the person, staff, the environment and the organization of care. The study aims to determine the prevalence and factors of Surgical Site Infections at the Regional Hospital of Meknes. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted by a team previously formed using a plug which is filled in front of 111 patients ; and a questionnaire administered to 20 nurses of surgery service. The prevalence of SSI is 16 %. Diabetics are exposed to five times more likely to develop an SSI. Age is not a risk factor even the slice of more than 50 years accounted for 33 % of SSI cases. Over three years, less than 50 % of staff trained in hospital hygiene.
African history has reached a high level of research and writing, yet the female role in history has not been brought out clearly, in historical explanation or discourse, and in teaching of the discipline. The main question posed is whether the history syllabus and the textbooks put in place to facilitate the implementation of the curriculum generate the kind of historical consciousness in education for both female and male gender. The research constituted a survey where information was collected by use of documentary analysis. The history syllabus (1992 and 2002) and textbooks used in teaching secondary school students were analyzed).The evaluation was to determine how the female gender was presented in history transmitted to the students. The data was presented by use of descriptive statistics and evaluative discussions. The findings indicate that in spite of a lot of information on women, the history syllabus and textbooks do not accurately portray the vital and multi-faceted roles played by both male and female in society. The syllabus suffers from sex blindness of traditional historiography and the most insidious forms of bias, bias of omission in relation to women history. The textbooks meant to facilitate the achievement of the syllabus objectives perpetuate the same views of male dominated approach to history. It is concluded that history taught tends to obscure and or ignore women. It is recommended that the curriculum should be revised to reflect gender as a new dimension of teaching history and writing.
The present paper is an attempt to assess the health profile of purposively selected 200 adolescent boys of Sagar city, Madhya Pradesh. The height and weight of the boys were compared with the standards given by Indian Council of Medical Research, National Centre for Health Statistics and Indian Council of Agricultural Research; body mass index (BMI) and its association with occupation of father and education of parents was assessed. The height and weight of the boys were found below Indian Council of Medical Research and National Centre for Health Statistics standards but above the Indian Council of Agricultural Research standards. Most of the underweight boys belonged to fathers having business as their occupation whereas most of the normal boys belonged to fathers who were government employees. On the basis of education of parents, it was found that fathers who studied up to higher secondary classes have most underweight boys and most normal boys belonged to graduate fathers; whereas highly underweight boys belonged to mothers who studied up to secondary classes and mothers who studied up to higher secondary classes showed the highest number of normal boys.
Creases provide important clues for the study of bimanual and bisexual variation. The purpose of the present investigations is to attempt the specificity of transverse palmar flexion creases among Lodhis, of Sagar district (MP), India. The basis of the study was 103 males and 102 females unrelated individuals of Lodhis'. For taking palm prints Cummins and Midlow (1859) method were fully adopted. The analysis of palmar creases was done in accordance with the method proposed by Bali and Choube (1971). The values in this study are of a qualitative in nature so the statistical interpretation of the data has been made by means of the chi-square test. The result shows significant bisexual and noticeable bimanual variation of transverse creases among Lodhis'.
Background: Commercial bicycling has become a popular mode of transportation in Kenya, in both rural and urban areas since early 1990's. In Kisumu city, however, its related injuries cause significant morbidity and mortality. Many road users have viewed their presence in the roads as the cause of congestion, confusion, fear, and decreased safety in the roads in the road system. Objectives: The primary objectives were; to determine demographic characteristics of the commercial bicyclists, magnitude and characteristics of road traffic crashes and injuries involving commercial bicycling. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study involving review of medical and traffic police records in New Nyanza Provincial General Hospital, Kisumu District hospital, and Traffic police station records departments respectively, was used to status of bicyclist crashes and injuries in Kisumu City. Hospital and police records were reviewed to determine road traffic crashes and injuries involving commercial bicyclist for a period of one year, 1st January 2008 to 31st December 2008. Information about injury disposition, severity, outcome of injuries were entered in designed forms. Results: A total of 209 patients were treated for bicycle- related injuries in both hospitals and 64 cases were recorded in police records. The age group most affected in road trauma involving bicyclists was 21-30 years accounting for 32.1%. 45.9% were pedestrians hit by bicyclists, 46.9% of the bicycle related casualties reported by the traffic police were slightly injured, 28.1 % were seriously injured and 25% were fatal cases. Of the fatal cases 56.3% were passengers carried by bicyclists, 25% were pedestrians knocked by bicyclists and 18.7% were bicycle riders. 9.3% of injuries occurred in major roads within the city. The majority of casualties in police derived data were adults aged above 16 years (78.2%). Conclusion: The high prevalence of bicycle related cases calls for a review of the local situation so that concerted efforts are made to design coordinated and effective interventions for commercial bicyclists. The age group most commonly affected in road trauma involving bicyclists was 21-30 years. Over three quarters of the patients who sustained bicycle related injuries were aged below 40 years and were mainly males. Cut wounds were most commonly sustained followed by head injuries, dislocations, fractures while lacerations and contusions are sustained less. Most of those who died sustained head injuries.
Groundwater samples were collected from Otovwodo-Ughelli and environ with the aim of assessing groundwater quality of the area. Twenty (20) water samples from Boreholes (BH) (six) and Hand dug wells (HDW) (fourteen) were randomly sampled and were analysed for different physiochemical and bacteriological parameters. The following 16 parameters have been considered viz: pH, Electrical Conductivity, temperature, Total hardness, Total Dissolved Solids, dissolved oxygen, Biological Oxygen Demand, phosphate, sulphate, chloride, nitrate, calcium, sodium, chloride, magnesium and Total Suspended Solids. On comparing the results against drinking quality standards laid by World Health Organization and Nigeria Industrial Standard, it was found that the water quality parameters were not above the (WHO, 2011 and NIS, 2007) permissible limit. Microbial analysis reveals the presence of coliform and E.coli in two hand-dug well (HDW7 and 13) and one borehole well (BH20). These contaminations are perhaps traceable to have originated from human activities (Septic tanks, latrines, dumpsites) and have affected the quality of groundwater in Otovwodo-Ughelli. From the Piper trilinear diagram, the dominant ionic specie is alkali bicarbonate water type, with bicarbonate as the predominant ion (Na+ + K+) - HCO3- .
In front a relevant problem for the immediate spontaneous occupation (wild and accelerated) of Kivu Lake's shore, therefore authorities of the town have a great work to do. As some people in the area do not respect the length of ten meters of the town planning rules. Nowadays, the shore is attacked by a lot of anarchic building which do not respect the town planning rules to save ten meters for building near the Kivu Lake's shore. This is really a disaster!
Background: In Morocco, Hydatidosis is a common public health problem, as its impact on the health of the animal and consequently its impact on human health. The aim of our study is to clarify the epidemiological data and to estimate the serological test contribution for hydatidosis diagnosis. Methods: A retrospective study was undertaken among 392 patients suspect of hydatid cysts collected between January 2000 to December 2010 at the parasitological laboratory of the Institut National d'Hygiène in Rabat region. The serological diagnosis was used simultaneously with Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay and Indirect haemagglutination test for the detection of specific Echinococcus granulosus antibodies. Results: The overall prevalence of this zoonosis was 37.2 % which women are most affected with 71.2% than 28.8% for men, and sex ratio M / F was 0.5. The prevalence of Echinococcus granulosus varied significantly according to the age and the existence of a surgical history cyst (p <.05). However, gender did not have a significant effect on the prevalence of this pathogen. The kappa coefficient between HAI and ELISA indicated a high level of agreement (0,74). The ultrasound of 181 patients showed that the hydatid cyst involved mainly the liver (68.5%), the kidney (7.7 %) and the lungs (6.1 %). Conclusion: Hydatidosis disease is a non-immunizing with the possibility of recurrence, which requires further monitoring and surgery should be based primarily on ultrasound and serology.
The Magnetohyderodynamic (MHD) viscous flow of micropolar fluid over a shrinking sheet has been solved numerically. The similarity transformations have been used to reduce the highly nonlinear partial differential equations of motion to ordinary differential equations. The resulting equations are then solved by using successive over relaxation (SOR) iterative procedure. The results have been calculated on three different grid sizes to check the accuracy of the results. The results for problem relates to the flows over a shrinking sheet are computed for various values of the flow parameters M and s, where M is the magnetic parameter and s is the wall mass transfer parameter. The numerical results for Micropolar fluids are found in good agreement with those of Newtonian fluids.
Cassava retting is one of the main step for cassava processing. This step involve some microorganisms which activity impact on the quality of cassava derived products. With the aims of ensuring a good quality of cassava products, tree strains of microorganism namely Lactobacillus sp., Saccharomyces sp., and Rhyzopus sp., were tested as starter culture on cassava variety TMS 3001, fermentation. The use of this starter made of 109 cells/ml of Lactobacillus sp., 106 cells/ml of yeast, and 104 cells/ml of mould spores, permitted to reduce the retting time from five days to two days, to reduce cassava cyanogen by 95% and to ameliorate the hygienic quality of by products by eliminating pathogens development. This new approach may encourage industrial production of stabilized quality cassava derived product.
The study of consumer behavior is very essential in the field of marketing as it helps firms to construct smarter marketing strategies by getting an insight about what affects the decision making of consumers. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the theoretical aspects of consumer buying behavior and the factors that influence it. This paper also reviews the relationship between consumer buying behavior and the factors that influence the consumer's purchasing process and purchase decision.
While a lot of studies in the past proved the relation of personality type to brain dominance, studies now tend to disprove the association of such variables. With this trend in research, the researcher was challenged to conduct an investigation in educational setting, taking into consideration the correlation of learners' brain dominance and mathematics performance.The brain dominance characterized by Left Right Brain Dominance Test and grades in Algebra and Trigonometry were elicited from the sample student-respondents. The coefficient of variations and coefficient of correlations were computed to scientifically examine the extent of correlation of the chosen variables. Findings disclosed that there were a smaller number of left-brain dominant learners with a smaller variation in the mathematics performance. Moreover, there were no significant correlations found between the learners' brain dominance and their performance in mathematics. The non-significance in correlation may be explained by the insights yielded from previous researches that (1) learners do have different personalities and have unique strengths and weaknesses in how they process information; and (2) personalities and abilities of learners are not determined by favoring one hemisphere over the other, but both hemispheres are used by learners in thinking processes. The opposing opinions revealed by several researchers can be taken positively as a challenge in the educational environment, specifically for learners and teachers.
Healthcare industry is one of the service industries that involving a high encounters and interaction between healthcare providers and patients. Customer relationship management (CRM) is viewed as a strategy for organization to manage and maintain the relationship with customers as well as keeping the entire of customer's record. The importance of CRM strategy has been highlighted in many previous studies as a tool to increase the Organizational Performance (OP). However, there is still a lack of understanding regarding the importance of CRM strategy in Malaysian healthcare context. Malaysian's consumer began to expect a higher quality of care from healthcare providers as they starting to care about their own healthcare. CRM strategy and Service Quality Improvement (SQI) is viewed as a strategy to meet the customer expectation and satisfaction. The achievement of SQI actually depends on an organization's competency to offer and provide the best quality of service delivery in order to increase OP. Thus, the main purpose of this study is to examine relationship between CRM, SQI and OP model in Malaysian healthcare industry. Next, four hypotheses were developed to be investigated. This area of research in the future is expected to be investigated structural relationship between CRM, SQI, and OP in Malaysian healthcare industry. This study ends with the suggestions for future work research.
This paper seeks to contribute to the assessment of the performance of container terminal at Tangier Med (phase I). It proposes to apply the UNCTAD model simulation capacity by a series of empirical analysis of port performance indicators (terminal) Tanger Med, action variables discussed in this present work are based on various factors related to different processes of terminal and become indicators on which the management of the terminal relies on for problem solving and decision making valid to improve the performance of the port (terminal). The concepts annual throughput, Port stay, terminal capacity, quay and yard utilization, service quality among others allow for the completion of the objectives of this Article.