Over its history, the Congolese Higher and University Education has gone through several phases of reform. Despite this, the crisis in which the higher and university education sector is stuck continues to threaten dangerously the future of the nation because of a new fact and little known to the general public, the politicization of public universities of countryside and the instrumentalization of justice in an attempt to prevent the heads of establishments from fully playing their police role of the institution. Ultimately, excellence gave way to mediocrity, the ESU becoming a real place of the upper mafia, with as a consequence the distortion of the Congolese youth by so called professors without any doctoral degree of which the thesis was defended publicly and obtained legally. Faced with these “new plagues”, the challenges to be met are tremendous. Thus, the current study poses the diagnosis and retraces the path to be followed by a member of the scientific and academic staff respectively, within a normative and regulatory framework of Higher and University Education in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. On the other side, we show how some politicians got involved in the academic management of the University of Gbado-Lite (considered here as a model system) to make it a private asset at the expense of quality assurance. Thus, the use of the "Congolese diaspora" in order to strengthen research and teaching capacities of our universities has given rise to organized and maintained cheating on a large scale.
The extradition is an international procedure, instituted on basis of a convention or an international agreement, by which a sovereign State called required State, accepts to deliver an individual being on its territory to another State or to an international repressive jurisdiction, applicant, to the ends of judiciary pursuits (judgment or execution of the pain). The extradition is a judiciary collaborative mechanism between the States to fight the cross-border criminality. It is demonstrated through the present study that the Congolese right doesn't ignore this mechanism because there are international or national legal rules on this matter exists. Of the exam of the legal instruments, it is demonstrated that the extradition in Congolese right obeys, like in other modern States, to the conditions of bottom and shape of which the non-observance would drive to the dismissal of the extradition demand. It was shown in this study that the extradition is of the Government's expertise that has the last decision, which decision escapes completely the jurisdictional control even the administrative one. However, none would ignore the intervention of the Congolese judge on the subject, which intervention appears by the exequatur of the judicial pieces that comes with the demand of extradition and possibly by the arrest of the person needed. Besides, the politicization of the Congolese judicial system does not permit other States to extradite toward the DRC in spite of demands formulated in good and due procedure. To allow the institution Extradition to assure its role fully, it is clear that the DR Congo proceeds to the reform of its extradition related to right while straightening its political and judiciary system on the one hand and while concluding conventions of extradition on the other hand in the under sub-regional and regional settings.
The Convention of the United Nations relative to the child's rights is the international legal Setting of reference for all question of the childhood. The Democratic Republic of Congo as having left taking since a lot of years, had to get in order taking its content in this legislation. This obligation has been executed with the advent of the law no 09/001 of January 10, 2009 carrying protection of the child. This legal setting had foreseen to put on foot of the judicial and administrative structures to attend this category of no one once it puts the act that the law qualifies default because its vulnerability imposes to reserve him a particular treatment. But practically, the applicability comes up against an unspeakable cacophony. On the one hand, in other cities and territories of the country, one simply notes the absence of these structures and on the other hand, it is a heterogeneous mixture between the jurisdictions of common right and jurisdiction for miners, procedure of common right and special procedure for miners. All these difficulties make that these miners don't benefit from an aid that the international and national texts reserve to them.