Our study was about access on drinking water in the urban rural population of Bumba. It was about getting ways how the population of this city could organize themselves to provide drinking water for themselves, which they need for their life. In fact, in a particular way, an emphasis was put on the quality of the water that they use and its repercussion on the public health.
Water, considered inaccessible and of bad quality according to the investigations, is responsible for hydric diseases. Its inaccessibility, to the population, is specially due to deterioration of the installations, to the dysfunction and long distance to the water providing wells. Water quality problems in Bumba is explained by the lack of treatment of consumption water by the majority of its population, impotence of the public powers, the e lack of voluntarism as far as improvement of population life conditions is concern, lack of mobilization and programs integration "water and health". Bad practices in Hygiene and cleaning makes populations vulnerable, mostly infants who are the most exposed to all hydric diseases (dermatosis, gales, diarrhea, intestine infections, parasitosis, etc.) "Drinking water for all" question has become, since some years, the target of many international conferences and preoccupies the whole humanity.
Generally, these results reveals to us that, not only drinking water accessibility and its basic cleaning are difficult in Bumba, but also the population behavior.
A study on the etiology and management of hypertension was conducted in the urban-rural town of Basoko. Its objectives were:
- Determine factors that cause high blood pressure;
- Assess the management of the disease at the Basoko General Reference Hospital;
- Implement adequate therapeutic strategies for the management of high blood pressure, based on the recommendations of the High Authority for Health (HAS-2005).
A sample of 32 hypertensive subjects was diagnosed and treated at the Basoko General Reference Hospital. After analyzes, it was revealed that high blood pressure affects people over the age of 55 or older, and predominantly male. Stress, age, alcoholism and smoking are factors that predispose individuals to high blood pressure in Basoko. The treatment of this disease is based firstly on the hygiene-dietetic measures, then follows the treatment with the antihypertensive. The majority of hypertensive subjects hospitalized at the Reference General Hospital were discharged from the hospital with an improved state of health.