Context: The effects of climate change make it difficult to achieve food security in Burkina Faso, despite its many resilience efforts. This is how this article aims to identify and understand the impacts of the country's main climate risks on food security and the causes of the non-resilience of the proposed solutions, in order to better help develop resilience strategies.Materials and methods: Surveys were carried out among fifteen (15) main institutions in charge of the governance of food and nutrition security in Burkina Faso using a questionnaire focused on (i) the exposure units of food security in the face of climatic hazards in Burkina Faso, (ii) the impact index of these climatic risks on food security and (iii) their exposure index. The criterion for choosing the structures surveyed was their level of involvement in food security management, or their membership in the national food crisis management committee. All fifteen (15) institutions were national.Results: the results of the work reveal that whatever the climate risk, the availability of food, its financial accessibility and the governance of food security management institutions, are the main components of food security affected between 62.5% and 92.5%, against 62% to 70% of the impacts felt by the « price stability of agricultural products » and « nutritional use of food » components. The proposed solutions come down to the control of agricultural water, the development of irrigated agriculture, as well as the strengthening of the State's skills to implement emergency measures.Conclusion: The results corroborate the work of several authors, who have analyzed the food security situation in countries experiencing the same realities as Burkina Faso. However, their analysis does not include a fifth component, namely the governance of institutions. Based on these shortcomings, the recommendations could not be robust enough to bend the food insecurity curve in Burkina Faso.