|
Twitter
|
Facebook
|
Google+
|
VKontakte
|
LinkedIn
|
 
 
International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Tuesday 23 July 2024

About IJISR

News

Submission

Downloads

Archives

Custom Search

Contact

  • Contact us
  • Newsletter:

Connect with IJISR

  Call for Papers (June 2024)  
 
 
 

Assessing the microbiological quality of borehole and well water in Ferkéssedougou, Côte d’Ivoire


Volume 72, Issue 2, May 2024, Pages 149–155

 Assessing the microbiological quality of borehole and well water in Ferkéssedougou, Côte d’Ivoire

Ouattara Mohamed1, Effebi Kokoh Rose2, and Ouattara Koffi Nouho3

1 Université Félix HOUPHOUËT BOIGNY, Faculté des Langues, Littératures et Civilisations (L.L.C.), CHAIRE UNESCO pour la Culture de la Paix, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire
2 Faculté des Sciences et de Gestion de l’Environnement (FaSGE), Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
3 Université NANGUI ABROGOUA, Faculté des Sciences et de Gestion de l’Environnement, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02 Côte d’Ivoire

Original language: English

Copyright © 2024 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Because of the high subscription costs to the distribution network and water bills, access to running water for domestic use remains unaffordable to many inhabitants in cities and villages in the northern regions of Côte d’Ivoire. Thus, borehole and wells water is thus used as alternative to meet daily water needs, most often without a proper knowledge of the quality of such waters. This study aimed at evaluating the microbiological quality of borehole and well water in Ferkessédougou, one of the major cities in north Côte d’Ivoire. Chemical analyses were carried out on water sampled from 7 wells and 3 boreholes randomly selected across the study area. The results indicated that the average static level of the wells ranged from 0.5 m to 7.0 m. Water pHs were acidic to neutral and varied between 5.1 and 6.9. Faecal coliforms, Escherichia coli and intestinal enterococci were the main bacteria found in wells water, with proportions ranging between 2100 and 19000 CFU/100 ml, 120 and 5200 CFU/100 ml, and 30 and 240 CFU/100 ml, respectively. Only one borehole reported the presence of faecal coliforms (150 CFU/100 ml) and E. coli (15 CFU/100 ml). This faecal water pollution highlighted the poor sanitation conditions and unsuitability of water sourced from boreholes and wells to human consumption, indicating the need for adequate treatment of water prior to its use to avoid public health issues.

Author Keywords: drinking water, faecal bacteria, microbiological quality, boreholes, wells.


How to Cite this Article


Ouattara Mohamed, Effebi Kokoh Rose, and Ouattara Koffi Nouho, “Assessing the microbiological quality of borehole and well water in Ferkéssedougou, Côte d’Ivoire,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 149–155, May 2024.