The present study aimed to establish a database that would allow the calibration of mechanisation tools for cashew nut collection in Côte d’Ivoire. It was conducted in three production areas: Toumodi (centre), Korhogo (north) and Bouna (east). In each of these localities, a representative plot of cashew orchards was selected, with 30 trees chosen for the biophysical fruit data survey. The results showed that the fruits are morphologically different from one locality to another for both nuts and apples. In Toumodi, the physical characteristics of the nuts and apples were more important than in the other two localities. In Korhogo, the fruits were distinguished by small nuts and in Bouna, the cashew produced had characteristics that are globally intermediate between those of the first two localities. Furthermore, the firmness of the apples dropped by half in three days at each of the study sites, indicating their vulnerability to external factors. However, Korhogo apples remained the firmest.