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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Thursday 17 October 2019

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LES MASSACRES COMMIS CONTRE LES TUTSI EN NOVEMBRE 1963 - MARS 1964 AU RWANDA : QUALIFIES DE CRIME DE GENOCIDE


Volume 16, Issue 1, June 2015, Pages 1–10

 LES MASSACRES COMMIS CONTRE LES TUTSI EN NOVEMBRE 1963 - MARS 1964 AU RWANDA : QUALIFIES DE CRIME DE GENOCIDE

Justine HITIMANA

Original language: English

Received 28 January 2015

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The massacres against the Tutsi in November 1963 - March 1964 in Rwanda: qualified as the crime of genocide built on an ethnic ideology for long time propaganda of hate taught by the colonizers. These last used the theories of social inequality of Europe by classifying the Rwandan in different ethnic groups. Thus, before the establishment of a republican regime in 1961, the ideology of the genocide was already in action. Therefore, the tragic result of this ideology manifested itself in 1959, the year during which the hatred of the Hutu against the Tutsi materialized by what has been called «the social Revolution of 1959 ». The reign of Kayibanda lasted only 13 years under the motor of the PARMEHUTU. This played a key role in the spread of ethnic hatred through speeches, rallies and newspapers. This long journey of the inculcation of the ethnic group perpetrated the divisionism ideology which flourished on the massacres against the Tutsi in 1961, 1962, 1963-1964 and in 1973. But the massacres of November 1963 to March 1964 were the most monstrous, where the government of Kayibanda was the most to carry out the genocide against the Tutsi. In this regard, the government of Kayibanda paralleled the raids of the « Inyenzi » for massacres of the Tutsi who lived inside the country. That said, thousands of Tutsi civilians were massacred in the eyes of the ruling regime in only three months. The most affected was former Gikongoro prefecture, located in the south-east of Rwanda. For this reason, several high personalities of the time and international agencies have raised against these skilled killings genocide. After the alarm raised by these international organs, the government of Kayibanda, stopped the massacres of civilians officially.

Author Keywords: Inyenzi, genocide.


How to Cite this Article


Justine HITIMANA, “LES MASSACRES COMMIS CONTRE LES TUTSI EN NOVEMBRE 1963 - MARS 1964 AU RWANDA : QUALIFIES DE CRIME DE GENOCIDE,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1–10, June 2015.