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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Sunday 20 October 2019

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Species composition of fruit flies (Dipteral:Tephritidae) and extent of damage on mango fruit in eastern Ethiopia


Volume 19, Issue 1, November 2015, Pages 95–102

 Species composition of fruit flies (Dipteral:Tephritidae) and extent of damage on mango fruit in eastern Ethiopia

Dawit getahun, Feredu Azerefegne, and Yibrha Beyeneh

Original language: English

Received 12 November 2014

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


A study was conducted to determine the species composition of fruit flies attacking mangoes and, the extent of mango fruit losses in selected areas of eastern Ethiopia. Fruit flies were collected using two methods; rearing from mango fruits and trapping with the use of Para pheromones. Six species of Tephritidaewere reared from mango fruits:Ceratitis fasciventris, Ceratitiscosyra, Bactroceracucurbitae, Dacusbivittatus, Ceratitisquinaria and Ceratitiscapitata. 83.1 %, 12.8%,. 2.7%, 0.7 %, 0.4 % and 0.21%, respectively. Nine fruit flies species, four of the genus Ceratitis, (C. cosyra, C. quinaria, C. capitataandC. fasciventris), three of Dacus(D.bivittatus, D. telfairaeandD. apoxanthu), and two of Bacterocera(B. invadens and B. cucurbitae),were collected using different parapheromones (Methyl eugenol, Cuelure, 3Component lure, Trimedlure and Terpinyl Acetate)from mango farms in eastern Ethiopia. Using pheromone traps three new fruit fly species were identified. Out of all species Ceratitisfasciventris were dominant followed by Ceratitiscosyra and Dacusbivittatus. All species has no relation with altitude. The extent of mango infestation on the average ranged 21 to 35% in different locations of Eastern Ethiopia. The overall mean percentage of mango losses is 30.4%.

Author Keywords: fruit fly, species composition, par pheromone, traps.


How to Cite this Article


Dawit getahun, Feredu Azerefegne, and Yibrha Beyeneh, “Species composition of fruit flies (Dipteral:Tephritidae) and extent of damage on mango fruit in eastern Ethiopia,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 95–102, November 2015.