In order to contribute to the knowledge of small mammals of the Garamba complex, we conducted a prospective study of small mammals of the Garamba National Park.During 21 days of captures, in September 2019, 6 species of small mammals were recorded including 4 species of the Crocidura genus belonging to the Soricidae family and one species of the Mastomys genus of the Muridae family and one species of the Dendromus genus of the of Nesomydae. During our capture session 5 females were collected of which 4 were sexually active and one female was sexually inactive. Among the active females two were lactating and two others were pregnant. The Crocidura olivieri species is more represented with a relative density equal to 1.19 compared to the Dendromus mistacalis and Crocidura sp species with a low density of 0.23 each. The overall sex ratio is 1.6 favorable to males out of a total of 13 individuals harvested including 8 males and 5 females.
Cardiovascular diseases are the first cause of mortality in Morocco and in the world. Several factors favoring the occurrence of these diseases have been identified. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of the main cardiovascular risk factors in the population of the Agadir region-Morocco through a prospective study in a sample of 305 patients. Anthropometric, socioeconomic, and medical history characteristics of the study population were collected on a pre-established sheet. Obesity was assessed by calculating the body mass index (BMI). The patients had a blood pressure measurement and a biochemical assessment. The results obtained showed that the mean age was 52.82 ± 14.91 years, with a predominance of female gender (84.4%) and urban origin (74.8%). The average BMI of the sample was 30.33 ± 8 kg/m2. Obesity affected more than half of the patients (52%), with a female predominance (58%).
Hypertension was present in 37.7% of patients, dyslipidemia was found in 63.9% of patients, while diabetes was present in 57.4% of patients in our series. The overall cardiovascular risk was high in 40.5% of patients in our series according to the Framingham model and 1.9% according to SCORE. This study showed a very high prevalence of CVDF, including obesity, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes. The result obtained in this study suggests a considerable increase in cardiovascular disease in the coming years.
The objective is to propose a solvent able to mix with polymers that hardly mix to based vegetable oils solvent (such as terephthalate polyethylene having undergone a certain crystallization or addition of additives). The methodology consists of measuring the unmixed solvent fraction through a series of experiments of partial cooking of the same polymer quantity. The solvent is a mixture of vegetable oils adjusted by the addition of a well-defined tiny sulfuric acid quantity. This methodology is based on the Hildebrand's approach in the Flory-Huggins theory of polymer mixtures according to which the best solvent is the one whose solubility parameter is the closest to that of the polymer. Then, hardly miscible polymers were successfully mixed to based vegetable oils solvent. The behavior of the obtained polymeric mixtures as a function of the added sulfuric acid tiny amount is in good agreement with the Hill-Langmuir models on the equilibrium between the adsorption and the desorption of species in well determined quantity. The «Solvent» entities are «Ligands», while the «Polymer» sites are «Receptors». This behavior also shows that, for a solvent adjusted by adding a well-defined tiny sulfuric acid amount, the mixing phenomenon can be an enduring process in time. The results of this work suggest that it is possible to adjust the solubility parameter of the previous study solvent to that of the polymer by adding a tiny amount of an appropriate element to the solvent/polymer mixture.
Pregnancy on scar is a rare clinical entity whose main complication remains hemorrhage which can be cataclysmic engaging the maternal vital prognosis. The diagnosis is essentially based on a thorough clinical and ultrasound examination. We report here the case of a 38-year-old patient with a tri-scar uterus, with a pregnancy of 08 SA, whose diagnosis of pregnancy on scar was not raised, and who was admitted into our structure for the management of a simple aborted pregnancy. An aspiration was proposed to the patient after a retention period of 04 weeks, during the act: the patient presented a massive hemorrhage, and a hysterectomy of hemostasis was performed because of the maternal vital prognosis that was at stake.