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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Saturday 16 November 2019

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Knowledge, practices of mothers towards fever in newborn children and factors influencing in Cameroon : Case of Biyem-Assi health district


[ Connaissances, pratiques des mères vis-à-vis de la fièvre du nourrisson et facteurs influençant au Cameroun : Cas du district de santé de Biyem-Assi ]

Volume 45, Issue 1, October 2019, Pages 43–50

 Knowledge, practices of mothers towards fever in newborn children and factors influencing in Cameroon : Case of Biyem-Assi health district

Ghyslaine Bruna DJEUNANG DONGHO, James-Francis ONOHIOL, Francklin Brice SOUNG IBALLA, Patrick Martial NKAMEDJIE PETE, Arlette Viviane DJEUMENI ZEBAZE, Marinolle Lurelle ZAMKE, Nadia AISSATOU, Gianluca RUSSO, Jérôme ATEUDJIEU, and Martin SANOU SOBZE

Original language: French

Received 18 January 2019

Copyright © 2019 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Fever in newborn remains one of the major reasons of pediatric consultations. Utilization of the healthcare facility is sometimes late leading to the increased risk of death. The aim of our study was to evaluate knowledge and practices of nursing mothers attending the immunization ward and to identify influencing factors. This was a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study conducted in February 2014 in Biyem-Assi health district, center region, Cameroon. The interview was done using a standard paper-based questionnaire. Data entry and analysis was performed using EPI Info software version 3.5.3. A total of 275 mothers was interviewed. The median age was 26, IQR [23; 30) years. About 82.9% (n=228) had attended at least secondary school and 1.5% had not been to school. About 54.6% (n=149/273) of children present for immunization were females; median age was 03 months, IQR [2; 9]. Half (137) of our respondents had good knowledge of fever in newborn. Concerning management of fever in newborn, 62.9% (n=173) of mothers reported self-medication compared with 22.9% (n=102) who, in case of fever, went to a healthcare facility. Level of education and occupation appeared to be the key factors that influenced knowledge and practices on fever in newborns. The level of knowledge and practices of mothers in Biyem-Assi health district concerning fever in the newborn seems to be quite good. However, given the factors influencing them, there is need to further educate mothers on screening and appropriate management of fever.

Author Keywords: Knowledge, practices, Fever, Mothers-newborn pairs, Cameroon.


Abstract: (french)


La fièvre du nourrisson demeure le principal motif de consultations pédiatriques. Le recours tardif à la formation sanitaire augmente le risque de décès. Cette étude visait l’évaluation du niveau de connaissances et pratiques des mères venues à la vaccination avec leur enfant et l’investigation des facteurs pouvant les influencer. Il s’agissait d’une étude transversale descriptive à volet analytique, menée au district de santé de Biyem-Assi, Région du Centre-Cameroun en février 2014. L’interview était réalisée à l’aide d’un questionnaire standard. La saisie et l’analyse des données s’est faite à l’aide du logiciel EPI Info version 3.5.3. Deux cents soixante-quinze mères ont été interviewées. L’âge médian était de 26 ans, IQR [23 ; 30] ans. Environ 82,9% (n=228) avait un niveau d’étude minimal secondaire et 1,5% n’avait pas été scolarisé. Environ 54,6% (n=149/273) des enfants emmenés à la vaccination était de sexe féminin, et l’âge médian de ceux-ci était de 03 mois, IQR [2 ; 9], 50% (n=137) de participantes avaient de bonnes connaissances sur la fièvre du nourrisson. Concernant la gestion de la fièvre du nourrisson, 62,9% (n=173) des mères pratiquaient l’automédication tandis que 22,9% (n=102) se rendaient dans une formation sanitaire. Le niveau d’étude et la profession étaient les facteurs influençant leurs connaissances et pratiques vis-à-vis de la fièvre du nourrisson. Le niveau de connaissances et pratiques des mères du district de santé de Biyem-Assi est assez-bon. Toutefois, les facteurs influençant montrent la nécessité du renforcement de leur éducation sur la façon appropriée de reconnaitre et gérer la fièvre du nourrisson.

Author Keywords: Connaissances, Pratiques, Fièvre, Mères-Enfants 0-9 mois, Cameroun.


How to Cite this Article


Ghyslaine Bruna DJEUNANG DONGHO, James-Francis ONOHIOL, Francklin Brice SOUNG IBALLA, Patrick Martial NKAMEDJIE PETE, Arlette Viviane DJEUMENI ZEBAZE, Marinolle Lurelle ZAMKE, Nadia AISSATOU, Gianluca RUSSO, Jérôme ATEUDJIEU, and Martin SANOU SOBZE, “Knowledge, practices of mothers towards fever in newborn children and factors influencing in Cameroon : Case of Biyem-Assi health district,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 43–50, October 2019.