International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
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Pragmatic Analysis of Some Expressions of Politeness in Kihavu (D52/J53)

Volume 28, Issue 1, December 2016, Pages 66–75

 Pragmatic Analysis of Some Expressions of Politeness in Kihavu (D52/J53)

Byamungu Byandima David

Original language: English

Received 17 September 2016

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study investigates the pragmatic expressions of politeness in Kihavu. It analyzes pragmatically different expressions of politeness in accordance with the Havu culture and custom. To achieve this research, I used the documentary research, the questionnaire, the observation of gestures of politeness that accompany polite utterances, and the interviews, especially with mature speakers of Kihavu. After the analysis, the findings have revealed that polite utterances in Kihavu are culture-specific, i.e. they are specific to the Havu culture and custom, and most of them are partially gestural. Furthermore, the investigation has shown that Havu people do not use expressions of politeness randomly insofar as they have some culture-oriented goals, intentions, purposes and decisions while uttering them.

Author Keywords: the bald on-record strategy, off-record indirect strategy, positive politeness, negative politeness, cooperative principle (cp), politeness principle (pp).

How to Cite this Article

Byamungu Byandima David, “Pragmatic Analysis of Some Expressions of Politeness in Kihavu (D52/J53),” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 66–75, December 2016.