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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Thursday 17 October 2019

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Influence of short fibers on the quality characteristics of the product, yield of yarn and waste of cotton fiber


Volume 6, Issue 1, August 2014, Pages 44–49

 Influence of short fibers on the quality characteristics of the product, yield of yarn and waste of cotton fiber

Tojimirzayev Sanjar, Khudayberdiyeva Dilfuza Baxramovna, Habibulla Parpiyev, and Zokirjon Erkinov

Original language: English

Received 31 May 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


This article is devoted to the influence of short cotton fibers and trash on the yarn quality parameters, as well as the yield of yarn and waste of cotton fiber. Carding process at a spinning mill is the last step of removing trash and defects such as neps, peel, seed count neps. Flaws found in the card sliver directly affect the number of defects in the yarn. These defects can not be detected by weight testing and roving sliver. In order to determine short fibers in the card sliver modern fiber measuring instrument USTER AFIS PRO-2 is used. As an object three different lots of cotton fiber of sort 1 in 4 types of selection C-6524 were taken from three different cotton cleaning factories. Studies have shown that removal of neps, short fibers and trash are not dependent on each other. As well as analysis of the results showed that the yarn produced from cotton fibers in cotton cleaning factory-1 meets 5% level according to international standard USTER tester. In this factory cotton fiber have been reported with short fiber content of about 5.6%, and the number of neps 227 units per gram of fiber. Second and Third cotton factories' fibers comprising a short fiber content of 8.7% and 10.3%, and the number of neps are 269 and 280 units respectively. Studies showed that the content amount of short fibers is not changed, and in the process of carding even increases so that it requires careful research.

Author Keywords: fiber, nep, seed count nep, sliver, roving, carding, yarn, spinning.


How to Cite this Article


Tojimirzayev Sanjar, Khudayberdiyeva Dilfuza Baxramovna, Habibulla Parpiyev, and Zokirjon Erkinov, “Influence of short fibers on the quality characteristics of the product, yield of yarn and waste of cotton fiber,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 44–49, August 2014.