International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
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Development and Effectiveness of Social Adjustment Scale for Urban Adolescence

Volume 1, Issue 1, April 2014, Pages 26–35

 Development and Effectiveness of Social Adjustment Scale for Urban Adolescence

Dhanajay Joshi and Indrajeet Dutta

Original language: English

Received 14 April 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Adolescence is a phase of the life which is generally can be considered as "re-birth" as many physiological, emotional, cognitive changes takes place. It is the phase of a life where there is a change in the personality of an individual takes place. Erikson and Marcia have considered this phase as identity formation or confusion phase. According to Piaget, there is spurt in the cognitive development of individual at this age. Moreover, it is also the phase wherein individual is under the influence of peer group rather than the parents or elders. Therefore, an individual is always faced with conflict and struggle related to needs and satisfaction especially with his social environment. An individual has to reconcile with his conflict and struggle and thus maintain equilibrium which is generally called adjustment. Though, there are several areas of adjustment like school, home, emotional, educational and personal but, most important is the social adjustment of adolescence especially in light of the present contemporary society. The investigator self-designed and standardized the social adjustment scale on the urban population in the age group of 13-17 years. Thereafter, tool was administered to 246 students taken from heterogeneous schools. The number of male and female participated in the study was 131 and 115. The result obtained was that majority of the male and female fall in the moderate category of social adjustment. Moreover, there was no significant difference between the female and male students on social adjustment.

Author Keywords: Adjustment, Social adjustment, adolescence, students, gender.

How to Cite this Article

Dhanajay Joshi and Indrajeet Dutta, “Development and Effectiveness of Social Adjustment Scale for Urban Adolescence,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 26–35, April 2014.