|
Twitter
|
Facebook
|
Google+
|
VKontakte
|
LinkedIn
|
 
 
International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Saturday 05 December 2020

About IJISR

News

Submission

Downloads

Archives

Custom Search

Contact

Connect with IJISR

  Call for Papers (December 2020)  
 
 
 

Determination of the Anti-nutrient Composition of Ocimum gratissimum, Corchorus olitorius, Murraya koenigii Spreng and Cucurbita maxima


Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2014, Pages 127–133

 Determination of the Anti-nutrient Composition of Ocimum gratissimum, Corchorus olitorius, Murraya koenigii Spreng and Cucurbita maxima

J.C. Ifemeje, C. Egbuna, J.O. Eziokwudiaso, and F.C. Ezebuo

Original language: English

Received 12 April 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The present study investigates the anti-nutrient composition of Ocimum gratissimum, Corchorus olitorius, Murraya koenigii Spreng and Cucurbita maxima following standard methods. Anti-nutritional factors are chemical substances which act to reduce nutrient intake, digestion, absorption and utilization of nutrients which may accumulate in the body to toxic level if the diet is not varied. The qualitative analysis revealed the presence of flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, alkaloids, tannins and phenols in the plant leaves using methanol, ethanol, and petroleum ether as extraction solvents except for saponins in which water was used as the extraction solvent. The differences in mean values were statistically significant at p < 0.05. The highest level of anti-nutrients were found in the following order: flavonoids (7.20 ± 0.15 %) in Cucurbita maxima; cardiac glycosides (13.01±0.03 %) in Ocimum gratissimum; alkaloids (8.82 ± 0.08 %) in Ocimum gratissimum; phytates (0.06 ± 0.00 %) in Corchorus olitorius; haemaglutinins (1.06 ± 0.00 mg/l) in Cucurbita maxima; saponins (9.26 ± 0.20 %) in Cucurbita maxima; tannins (1.45 ± 0.03 %) in Corchorus olitorius; oxalates (1.07 ± 0.07 %) in Murraya koenigii; and phenols (0.68 ± 0.02 mg/l) in Corchorus olitorius. However, the level of anti-nutrients in these plant leaves falls within safe level but should be consumed with care to prevent over-accumulation.

Author Keywords: Anti-nutrients, Ocimum gratissimum, Corchorus olitorius, Murraya koenigii Spreng, Cucurbita maxima.


How to Cite this Article


J.C. Ifemeje, C. Egbuna, J.O. Eziokwudiaso, and F.C. Ezebuo, “Determination of the Anti-nutrient Composition of Ocimum gratissimum, Corchorus olitorius, Murraya koenigii Spreng and Cucurbita maxima,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 127–133, June 2014.