International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
Friday 03 July 2020






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In Press: French loanwords and their areas of influence in Kihavu languange


Moïse Byamungu Kalegama1

1 Department of Didactics of English and African Culture, Idjwi Teacher’s Training College, South-Kivu, RD Congo

Original language: English

Received 13 May 2020

Copyright © 2020 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Kihavu, like many other languages in contact, has adopted foreign words to meet the needs of its speakers’ daily life vocabulary and activities. This work discusses and analyses how and why french loanwords have been distributed to specific areas of influence in the nominal class system of kihavu. The result is that some alien words have been allocated to kihavu noun class system rather than other parts of speech. Therefore, they have acquired kihavu native words morphology by means of addition or reduction of suffixes prefixes or affixes. The data were collected from bilingual kihavu native speakers’ conversations. To deal with this socio-linguistic survey, four sections have been developed. The introduction presents the background, aim, hypotheses, research methodology, justification, and scope of the research. Chapter one deals with the literal frame and socio-linguistic presentation of kihavu language. Chapter two presents the allocation of loanwords per areas of influence. The last section gives the conclusion.

Author Keywords: Loanwords, areas of influence, donor language, kihavu language, buhavu.