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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Saturday 16 November 2019

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  Call for Papers (November 2019)  
 
 
 

In Press: Factors associated with diarrhoeal diseases in a health zone that has integrated the sanitized village programme : Cross-sectional study in the Kailo health zone


[ Facteurs associés aux maladies diarrhéiques dans une zone de santé ayant intégré le programme village assaini : Etude transversale dans la zone de santé de Kailo ]


                 

ASSANI WAKENGE Bonny1, Prosper SABIKENGE MUBANGU2, KONDE KIAMA NUMBI Joël3, SHINDANO MWAMBA Etienne4, and KAMANA LELA GRACE5

1 Provincial Division of Maniema, Office of Public Hygiene and Safety, RD Congo
2 University of Kindu, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, Department of Natural Resources Management (Wildlife and Flora), RD Congo
3 University of Kinshasa, Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health,De partment of Health and Environment, RD Congo
4 University of Kindu, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, RD Congo
5 Higher Institute of Medical Science, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, RD Congo

Original language: French

Received 14 July 2019

Copyright © 2019 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Diarrhoeal diseases are among the most common and widespread diseases in the world. The overall objective of this study is to determine the risk factors for diarrhoeal diseases in order to contribute to the implementation of sustainable control measures in the Kailo health zone. We conducted an analytical cross-sectional study in two health areas in Katako and Nyoka. Approximately 400 households with at least one child under 5 years of age were selected by 3-stage probability sampling. The study period was from January to December 2017, and a survey sheet was used to collect the data. The analyses were performed using the EPI DATA 3.1 software and exported to the SPSS 23 software. The lack of handwashing facilities in households, (Odd Ratio=0.425 p=0.005 IC= 0.23; 0.78), ignorance of the causes of diarrhoea (Odd Ratio= 0.537 IC=0.33 ;0.87 p=0.016) and poor attitude towards the child's diarrhoea (Odd Ratio=0.514 CI at 95%= 0.298; 0.886) p=0.017). The study showed that the occurrence of diarrhoeal diseases in this health zone is significantly associated with the use of surface water as the main source of drinking water (OR=2.186 p=0.042), the lack of handwashing facilities in households (OR=0.425 p=0.005), ignorance of the causes of diarrhoea (OR= 0.537 p=0.016) and poor attitude towards children's diarrhoea (OR=0.514 p=0.017).

Author Keywords: Factors, associated, diarrheal diseases.